The WTO, Economic Interdependence, and Conflict

The WTO, Economic Interdependence, and Conflict

Author: Marc Lawrence Busch

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: UCSD:31822034672519

Category: Political Science

Page: 647

View: 259

Evaluates the theoretical arguments about the relationship between foreign economic relations and political-military hostilities. This volume addresses the origins of various international institutions designed to influence global commerce, how these institutions operate, and the extent to which they shape the flow and content of overseas trade.

Economic Interdependence and Conflict in World Politics

Economic Interdependence and Conflict in World Politics

Author: Mark J. C. Crescenzi

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 073911039X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 838

This book explores one of the most important current topics in international relations: whether trade diminishes or enhances conflict. Mark J. C. Crescenzi adopts an original perspective, arguing that the 'exit costs' confronting states - how hard it would be for them to replace the trade they are threatening to cut - determines the credibility of the threat and the effect of such trade on the likelihood of political conflict.

The Influence of Economic Interdependence on US-China Relations

The Influence of Economic Interdependence on US-China Relations

Author: Frank Mouritz

Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich

ISBN: 9783847416845

Category: Political Science

Page: 150

View: 580

In den letzten Jahren hat die Rivalität zwischen den USA und China zugenommen und ein Konflikt um die globale politische Vorherrschaft zeichnet sich ab. Aufgrund der starken ökonomischen Vernetzung der beiden Staaten hätte ein offen geführter Konflikt jedoch hohe wirtschaftliche Verluste für beide Seiten zur Folge. Vor diesem Hintergrund untersucht das Buch wie hoch die Anreize für beide Seiten sind, aufgrund wirtschaftlicher Überlegungen einen Konflikt zu vermeiden und auch zukünftig auf Kooperation zu setzen.

Redefining Human Rights in the Struggle for Peace and Development

Redefining Human Rights in the Struggle for Peace and Development

Author: Terrence E. Paupp

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107047150

Category: Law

Page: 583

View: 382

"the primary purpose of this book is to offer concrete paths for the achievement of alternative priorities to those which currently govern the economic, political, and social arrangements of trade and investment, peace and war, as well as the lingering dichotomy between the ideology of markets and a dogmatic adherence to untrammeled growth versus advancing forms of genuine human security and human welfare. In so doing, what makes this book different from others on the subject is that it takes the hindrance of structural injustices seriously and, in so doing, does not seek to stake out compromise positions with the masters of the status quo, the vested interests, and the convenient methods employed by a transnational capitalist class used to engage in patterns of obfuscation which deny human rights and their realization"--

The Political Economy of Regional Peacemaking

The Political Economy of Regional Peacemaking

Author: Steven E. Lobell

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472053070

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 952

In The Political Economy of Regional Peacemaking, scholars examine the efficacy of trade agreements, economic sanctions, and other strategies of economic statecraft for the promotion of peace both between rival states and across conflict-ridden regions more generally. In the introduction, Steven E. Lobell and Norrin M. Ripsman pose five central questions: (1) What types of economic statecraft, including incentives and sanctions, can interested parties employ? (2) Who are the appropriate targets in the rival states—state leaders, economic and social elites, or society as whole? (3) When should specific economic instruments be used to promote peace—prior to negotiations, during negotiations, after signature of the treaty, or during implementation of the treaty? (4) What are the limits and risks of economic statecraft and economic interdependence? (5) How can economic statecraft be used to move from a bilateral peace agreement to regional peace? The chapters that follow are grouped in three sections, corresponding to the three stages of peacemaking: reduction or management of regional conflict; peacemaking or progress toward a peace treaty; and maintenance of bilateral peace and the regionalization of the peace settlement. In each chapter, the contributors consider the five key questions from a variety of methodological, historical, cultural, and empirical perspectives, drawing data from the Pacific, the Middle East, Europe, Asia, and Latin America. The conclusion expands on several themes found in the chapters and proposes an agenda for future research.

Constructive Interventions

Constructive Interventions

Author: L. Kirchhoff

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9789041145079

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 911

In the contemporary discipline of conflict resolution, adjudication and alternative dispute resolution (ADR) are often seen as antagonistic trends. This important book contends that, on the contrary, it is the bringing together of these trends that holds the most promise for an effective system of international justice. With great insight and passion, built firmly on a vast knowledge of the field, Lars Kirchhoff exposes the contemporary structural barriers to effective conflict resolution, defining where adjudication ends and ADR—and particularly the recent development of mediated third party intervention from an ‘art’ to a veritable ‘science’—must come into play. The work starts by defining the challenges, potentials and shortcomings of different approaches to conflict resolution in an interdependent world—where the multiplicity of actors, topics and interests involved even in seemingly bilateral conflict situations is clearly manifest—and goes on to define useful models and connect the various elements relevant for the resolution of conflicts in a transparent way. In the course of its investigation the book accomplishes the following: • illustrates the various departure points and perspectives scholars of conflict resolution have taken as the basis for their work; discusses who should become involved in conflicts as a third party and by which techniques this should occur; systematically conveys the nature and consequences of intervention through mediation, focusing on the method’s critical challenges; and clarifies the particular model of international mediation under development through UN initiatives. In approaching these intertwined topics, the author draws concrete conclusions for the realms of international law and related disciplines as well as for the organizational context of the United Nations. He explores such diverse scenarios as conflicts between States, conflicts involving international organizations, and—in accordance with the changing parameters of international law—even conflicts involving individuals, clarifying which constellations can be tackled by international mediation and which conflicts should be dealt with by other forms of diplomacy or adjudication. It is the conviction of many intermediaries and scholars that the considerable potential inherent in resolving conflicts peacefully is rarely put into practice. Although some of the reasons for this phenomenon are beyond the influence of scholarly debate, in many instances the reasons for failure of peaceful resolution processes are more structural or systemic in nature. It is the great virtue of this book that it establishes enough clarity in an unclear and complex field to make concrete and workable recommendations in these instances, and for that reason it will be of immeasurable value and benefit to all scholars, policymakers, and activists dedicated to the pursuit of peace.

Handbook of Defense Economics

Handbook of Defense Economics

Author: Todd Sandler

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080478296

Category: Political Science

Page: 698

View: 899

The second volume of the Handbook of Defense Economics addresses defense needs, practices, threats, and policies in the modern era of globalization. This new era concerns the enhanced cross-border flows of all kinds (e.g., capital and labor flows, revolutionary rhetoric, guerrillas, and terrorists) including the spillovers of benefits and costs associated with public goods and transnational externalities (i.e., uncompensated interdependencies affecting two or more nations). These ever-increasing flows mean that military armaments and armies are less able to keep out security threats. Thus, novel defense and security barriers are needed to protect borders that are porous to terrorists, pollutants, political upheavals, and conflicts. Even increased trade and financial flows imply novel security challenges and defenses. Globalization also underscores the importance of a new set of institutions (e.g., the European Union and global governance networks) and agents (e.g., nongovernmental organizations and partnerships). This volume addresses the security challenges in this age of globalization, where conflicts involve novel tactics, new technologies, asymmetric warfare, different venues, and frightening weapons. Volume 2 contains topics not covered in volume 1 – i.e., civil wars, peacekeeping, economic sanctions, the econometrics of arms races, conversion, peace economics, and the interface of trade, peace, and democracy. Volume 2 also revisits topics from volume 1, where there has been a significant advancement of knowledge – i.e., conflict analysis, terrorism, arms races, arms trade, military manpower, and arms industries. All of the main securities concerns of today are analyzed. Chapters are written by the leading contributors in the topic areas. *Up-to-date surveys on the pressing defense issues: theoretical, empirical and policy issues. *Coverage of theoretical and empirical studies of terrorism. *Contributions by the leading researchers in the field of defense economics.

Trade Wars

Trade Wars

Author: Nils Ole Oermann

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192848901

Category: Globalization

Page: 337

View: 281

This book explores the causes and instruments of 500 years of armed and non-armed international trade conflicts. Nils Ole Oermann and Hans-Jürgen Wolff draw on decades of experience to examine trade wars, economic sanctions, and different types of economic warfare, investigating their history, ethics, economic driving forces, and legality under current rules. They provide a clear and accessible account of the economics of trade, of trade and financial policy since the nineteenth century, and of the effectiveness of sanctions and the 'winnability' of trade wars. The book also describes the transformation of economic warfare since 1989, namely in cyberspace and in the world financial system, and shows how China's rise challenges the Western model of democracy and free market economies. The authors conclude with a plea for improved economic statecraft and an overhaul of the current trading regime.

Understanding International Conflicts

Understanding International Conflicts

Author: Joseph S. Nye

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: STANFORD:36105063192301

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 166

- New discussions and updates pertaining to the September 11th terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC throughout the book, but especially in the Preface, Chapter 1, Chapter 7, and Chapter 9. - Substantial updates to the Middle East discussion and more on ethnic conflict in Chapter 6. - The former Chapter 7 has been divided into two new chapters-Chapter 7 'Interdependence and Globalization' and Chapter 8 'The Information Age.' The chapter has been divided so adequate space can be devoted to the coverage of important new developments in the areas of technology and the global economy. - New material on the revolution in military affairs in Chapters 6 and 7. - Greatly expanded and updated discussions of economic globalization in Chapter 7. - The conclusion to the book (the new Chapter 9) has been substantially rewritten in light of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the U.S. - An abundance of examples help to illustrate concepts, making the material clear and easy to understand. - 'Chronologies' at the end of each chapter provide a detailed timeline of a particular conflict, helping students to understand causation and put events in context. - 'Study Questions'