The Literature of Soil Science

The Literature of Soil Science

Author: Peter McDonald

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801429218

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 476

View: 843

A collection of 14 discussions of the past and present literature about soil science. The topics include a historical survey, bibliometrics, introduction into developing countries, societies and their publishing influence, information systems, core monographs, primary journals, maps, and other aspec

Soil Structure/Soil Biota Interrelationships

Soil Structure/Soil Biota Interrelationships

Author: L. Brussaard

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483290287

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 846

View: 189

Some pioneers in soil research such as Müller and Kubiëna were as much biologists as they were soil scientists and the legendary biologist Charles Darwin was foresighted in recognizing the earthworms as instrumental in reworking the soil, thereby forming what he called "vegetable mould". Still, soil science has largely been the realm of physicists and chemists over the past decades. Whatever the reason, this picture is rapidly changing. Until recently, research on the transport and transformation of elements in soil was often concerned with either soil biota/plant relationships or with soil structure/plant relationships, if the biota were considered at all, but very few studies explicitly took the interrelationships between soil structure and soil biota into account. The conference on Soil Structure/Soil Biota Interrelationships, held at Wageningen, The Netherlands, 24-28 November 1991, was meant to bridge that gap, focussing on methods of research, organized in three levels: features, processes and effects. The proceedings of the conference are testimony of the need to intertwine the biological, morphological, physical and chemical disciplines in soil research to understand better and forecast soil properties and processes as related to land use for agricultural and other purposes. This book should be of particular interest to soil scientists and ecologists who feel the need for a cross-disciplinary approach in soils research. It should also be a rich source of teaching material for courses in soil science and soil ecology at graduate level and above, with ample reference to studies on land use as related to agriculture and the environment.

Soil Classification

Soil Classification

Author: Hari Eswaran

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420040364

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 976

Developments in soil classification have accompanied parallel progress in our understanding of the soil system. However the theories behind the classifications and the purposes for which they were created have changed over time. The editors hope that this comprehensive synthesis will help to rally soil scientists around the world to develop an acce

Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean

Environmental Issues in the Mediterranean

Author: John B. Thornes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134729869

Category: History

Page: 510

View: 271

The Mediterranean has been subject to changing human settlement and land use patterns for millennia. This book reviews both physical and social aspects of this region, in relation to its environment.

Scientific Basis for Soil Protection in the European Community

Scientific Basis for Soil Protection in the European Community

Author: H. Barth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400934511

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 630

View: 520

PH. BOURDEAU Directorate-General Science. Research and Development. Commission of the European Communities. Brussels. Belgium We are living on a unique planet, the only one in the solar system where life exists. The very existence of life has modified the physical and chemical environment of the earth, its atmosphere and oceans, in a way that makes life sustainable. This system with its complex cybernetic mechanisms has been named GAIA by Lovelock. Man has always interfered with it on a more or less limited scale. This interference is now reaching global proportions such as climate modifications resulting from CO and trace gas 2 accumulation in the atmosphere or the destruction of stratospheric ozone, not to speak of global radioactive contamination. GAIA will probably prevail as a living system but it probably does not give much importance to man's survival as such, and it is man that has to take care of his own survival. In the ecosystem of Planet Earth, soils are the thin interface between lithosphere and atmosphere which constitutes the essential substrate for the terrestrial biosphere, the productivity of which far exceeds that of the oceans, even though the latter cover a much larger area than the continents. Soils themselves are complex systems. They develop through weathering of minerals, are colonised by living organisms which in turn modify their substrate making it suitable for other organisms. This induces a primary ecological succession which eventually reaches a climax, in equilibrium between climate, soil and the biological communities.