This volume presents a brief introduction to the Rare Earth Elements (REE) and their discovery, mineralogy, deposit types and applications. The book focusses on the aspects of both natural and industrial REE resources of India. It covers geological, structural, geochemical, petrological, mineralogical and genetic aspects of the natural deposits, and provides an account of the available industrial sources. The relative merits and potential of the several resources for future development and directions for inputs in REE exploration are discussed at the end of the monograph.
This edited volume dedicated to late Prof. P.S. Saklani addresses the multidisciplinary themes pertaining to role of tectonism and magmatism in Crustal Evolution and global distribution of metallic and non metallic mineral deposits. It gives valuable information on geodynamic evolution, structural, petrological, isotopic, metamorphic, geochemical and geochronological attributes of continental and oceanic crust and is challenging reassessments of the existing paradigms. It addresses the implication of magmatism, metallogeny and application of geochronological ages (U-Pb SHRIMP age, Lu-Hf isotopic system; detrital zircons). This book also advocates the role of tectonics in contamination of ground water, and control on drainage pattern and geothermal systems. It explores the vulnerability of earth towards natural hazards viz. earthquakes, floods, cyclones, tsunami, volcanism, cyclones and drought. This volume throws light on the applications of remote sensing, GIS (Geographical Information System) and SRTM data for evaluation of the morphometric and morphotectonic parameters and exploring the susceptibility of river basins toward erosion and flood. It will be beneficial to graduate and post-graduate students as well as professionals and researchers.
This book is a comprehensive overview of economic geology for the general geologist and anyone else interested in the minerals industry and the global supply of raw materials. It includes some thought-provoking statements and questions for discussion on globalisation and current practices in the minerals industry. In the second edition, all chapters have been extensively revised, and a new author has been added to increase coverage of some mineral deposits and topics. The economic issues surrounding the exploitation of mineral resources is discussed in three of the six chapters of the book. It deals with issues that are commonly addressed in current science reporting – the rate of exploitation of natural resources, the question of when or if these resources will be exhausted, the pollution and social disturbance that accompanies mining, the compromises and challenges that arise from the explosion in demand from China, India and other rapidly developing countries, and the moral issues that surround mining of metals in lesser-developed countries for consumption in the “first-world” countries. The book will be useful both as an introductory text for students in the earth sciences and a reference volume for students, teachers and researchers of geography, economics and the social sciences.
This book is aimed to compile the distribution of rare earth elements in various resources with their processing from secondary resources. It includes details of various processes developed for extraction of rare earth elements from varied raw materials ranging from e-wastes, tailings, process wastes and residues. It emphasizes importance of processing of the secondary resources to assist environmental remediation of such untreated wastes and get finished products. It covers all aspects of rare metals and rare earth metals in one volume covering extraction, separation and recycling of secondary resources for extraction of these metals along with relevant case studies.
The book looks at the need of minerals for humanity, how and what the oceans offer as minerals in general, the technological developments achieved and the insight into future technologies and designs in this field before finally focusing on the mineral wealth of the Indian Ocean. It eventually poses some tough questions that need answers if deep seabed mining is to become a success in the future. In addition, it discusses the efforts of the key players in this field operating in the Indian ocean that has rejuvenated the deep seabed mining both economically and strategically. Since, commercial profitability of marine minerals occurs only if the demand is greater than the supply, at times, the decision gets governed by strategic reasoning. Hence, the book aims to give an idea of the driving forces that guide such decision-making and the development of deep seabed mining.
Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)
With increasing population, economic growth, rising demand, and receding resources, the inevitable question of who owns, manages, and utilizes resources has acquired paramount importance. With nations undertaking significant efforts to secure and access natural resources, a holistic resource security framework is critical and essential for a secure and sustainable future. India’s Resource Security: Trade, Geopolitics, and Efficiency Dimensions covers a wide range of issues within the domain of resource security. It attempts to make the readers understand the resource concerns from three perspectives: trade, geopolitics, and efficiency. The book highlights the major aspects that resource security encompasses: sustainable resource development and extraction, production and use, trade and investments, geopolitical considerations, and intergovernmental and multilateral cooperation. It also discusses resource efficiency intensifying globally, the potential scope for responsible resource development at the extraction and production levels, enhanced efficiency in resource use, and recycling and reuse at the end-use level to strengthen the framework for achieving resource security. The book also deals with multilateral approaches, various forms of cooperation—including the possible formation of a resource bank—focused resource-based engagement in South Asia, and the means to enhance bilateral relations with India’s relevant allies and partners.
This book presents the state of art of the several advanced approaches to beneficiation of coal. The influence of recent technology attains the advantages of processing coal, purification studies, rheological behavior, and the mineral beneficiation. The experts collected in this volume have contributed significantly to the enrichment in the in depth knowledge not only in context of working knowledge, but also future prospects of clean coal technology. Describes mineral beneficiation of coal through physical-chemical processes; Examines rheological behavior and pipeline transport of coal water slurry resulting in reduction of overall transportation cost of coal; Illustrates synergistic effect of natural and synthetic mixed surfactant system in the stabilization of high concentration coal water slurry.
As the importance and dependence of specific mineral commodities increase, so does concern about their supply. The United States is currently 100 percent reliant on foreign sources for 20 mineral commodities and imports the majority of its supply of more than 50 mineral commodities. Mineral commodities that have important uses and face potential supply disruption are critical to American economic and national security. However, a mineral commodity's importance and the nature of its supply chain can change with time; a mineral commodity that may not have been considered critical 25 years ago may be critical today, and one considered critical today may not be so in the future. The U.S. Geological Survey has produced this volume to describe a select group of mineral commodities currently critical to our economy and security. For each mineral commodity covered, the authors provide a comprehensive look at (1) the commodity's use; (2) the geology and global distribution of the mineral deposit types that account for the present and possible future supply of the commodity; (3) the current status of production, reserves, and resources in the United States and globally; and (4) environmental considerations related to the commodity's production from different types of mineral deposits. The volume describes U.S. critical mineral resources in a global context, for no country can be self-sufficient for all its mineral commodity needs, and the United States will always rely on global mineral commodity supply chains. This volume provides the scientific understanding of critical mineral resources required for informed decisionmaking by those responsible for ensuring that the United States has a secure and sustainable supply of mineral commodities.
This book focuses not only on the nature and origin of ore deposits but also explores the economic issues that surround the exploitation of mineral resources. Coverage includes demand from developing nations, exploitation and exhaustion of resources and more.