On the Fringes of Diplomacy

On the Fringes of Diplomacy

Author: Antony Best

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317085782

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 319

In recent decades the study of British foreign policy and diplomacy has broadened in focus. No longer is it enough for historians to look at the actions of the elite figures - diplomats and foreign secretaries - in isolation; increasingly the role of their advisers and subordinates, and those on the fringes of the diplomatic world, is recognised as having exerted critical influence on key decisions and policies. This volume gives further impetus to this revelation, honing in on the fringes of British diplomacy through a selection of case studies of individuals who were able to influence policy. By contextualising each study, the volume explores the wider circles in which these individuals moved, exploring the broader issues affecting the processes of foreign policy. Not the least of these is the issue of official mindsets and of networks of influence in Britain and overseas, inculcated, for example, in the leading public schools, at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, and in gentlemen's clubs in London's West End. As such the volume contributes to the growing literature on human agency as well as mentalité studies in the history of international relations. Moreover it also highlights related themes which have been insufficiently studied by international historians, for example, the influence that outside groups such as missionaries and the press had on the shaping of foreign policy and the role that strategy, intelligence and the experience of war played in the diplomatic process. Through such an approach the workings of British diplomacy during the high-tide of empire is revealed in new and intriguing ways.

Moiré Fringes in Strain Analysis

Moiré Fringes in Strain Analysis

Author: Pericles S. Theocaris

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483186344

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 301

Moiré Fringes in Strain Analysis provides a comprehensive coverage of the measurement of strains in deformed bodies and engineering structures. The title details the methods and techniques in strain analysis using the moiré fringe phenomenon. The text first covers the general theory, and then proceeds to tackling the moiré patterns. Next the selection deals with the applications of line gratings to two-dimensional strain measurement. The text also talks about surface topology by moiré patterns, along with the applications of moiré methods to dynamic problems and curved surfaces. The ninth chapter discusses moiré extensometers, while the tenth chapter tackles the precision and influence of grating defects. The remaining chapters detail the technological information on reproduction techniques of gratings and the evaluation of moiré methods. The book will be of great use to students, practitioners, and researchers of materials engineering and pure and applied mathematics.

On the Fringes of Government

On the Fringes of Government

Author: A. Premchand


ISBN: UOM:39015063110657

Category: British

Page: 398

View: 714

This Autobiography Deals With The Events In The Life Of The Author Who Is Relatively An Unknown Entity But Who, In A Span Of Five Decades Of Public Service In India And Abroad, Worked As A Faculty Member Of University, An Official Of Government Of India, A Consultant With Ford Foundation (India) And A Staff Member Of International Monetary Fund.

On the Fringe

On the Fringe

Author: Michael D. Gordin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197555781

Category: History

Page: 122

View: 847

Everyone has heard of the term "pseudoscience", typically used to describe something that looks like science, but is somehow false, misleading, or unproven. Many would be able to agree on a list of things that fall under its umbrella-- astrology, phrenology, UFOlogy, creationism, and eugenics might come to mind. But defining what makes these fields "pseudo" is a far more complex issue. It has proved impossible to come up with a simple criterion that enables us to differentiate pseudoscience from genuine science. Given the virulence of contemporary disputes over the denial of climate change and anti-vaccination movements--both of which display allegations of "pseudoscience" on all sides-- there is a clear need to better understand issues of scientific demarcation. On the Fringe explores the philosophical and historical attempts to address this problem of demarcation. This book argues that by understanding doctrines that are often seen as antithetical to science, we can learn a great deal about how science operated in the past and does today. This exploration raises several questions: How does a doctrine become demonized as pseudoscientific? Who has the authority to make these pronouncements? How is the status of science shaped by political or cultural contexts? How does pseudoscience differ from scientific fraud? Michael D. Gordin both answers these questions and guides readers along a bewildering array of marginalized doctrines, looking at parapsychology (ESP), Lysenkoism, scientific racism, and alchemy, among others, to better understand the struggle to define what science is and is not, and how the controversies have shifted over the centuries. On the Fringe provides a historical tour through many of these fringe fields in order to provide tools to think deeply about scientific controversies both in the past and in our present.

Fiction on the Fringe

Fiction on the Fringe

Author: Grammatiki A. Karla

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004175471

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 194

View: 688

This collection of essays offers a comprehensive examination of texts that traditionally have been excluded from the main corpus of the ancient Greek novel and confined to the margins of the genre, such as the Life of Aesop, the Life of Alexander the Great, and the Acts of the Christian Martyrs. Through comparison and contrast, intertextual analysis and close examination, the boundaries of the dichotomy between the fringe vs. the canonical or erotic novel are explored, and so the generic identity of the texts in each group is more clearly outlined. The collective outcome brings the fringe from the periphery of scholarly research to the centre of critical attention, and provides methodological tools for the exploration of other fringe texts.

Modern Classical Optics

Modern Classical Optics

Author: Geoffrey Brooker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191004575

Category: Science

Page: 397

View: 306

The book gives accounts of non-quantum optical phenomena and of instruments and technology based on them, at a level suitable for the last two years of an honours degree in physics and for graduates starting out. Topics covered include the conventional (diffraction, coherence, thin films, holography...) but also the less conventional (étendue, Gaussian beams, laser cavities, cd reader, confocal microscope...) which belong in today's university courses, for example, to support laser physics. Even the conventional material has frequently been given a fresh presentation by giving a tidier-than-usual route through a calculation, or finding insightful connections with other parts of physics, or simply avoiding common errors. Problems offer opportunities for checking the reader's basic understanding, or for taking a careful route through reasoning, or for checking orders of magnitude. But most problems contain exploratory and critical material: investigating possible alternative approaches, asking searching questions about fundamentals, or solving apparent paradoxes.