This book examines the impact that Athenian Old Comedy had on Greek writers of the imperial era. It is generally acknowledged that imperial-era Greeks responded to Athenian Old Comedy in one of two ways: either as a treasure trove of Atticisms or as a genre defined by and repudiated for its aggressive humor. Worthy of further consideration, however, is the degree to which both approaches, and particularly the latter one that relegated Old Comedy to the fringes of the literary canon, led authors to engage with the ironic and self-reflexive humor of Aristophanes, Eupolis and Cratinus. Authors ranging from serious moralizers (Plutarch and Aelius Aristides) to comic writers in their own right (Lucian, Alciphron) to other figures not often associated with Old Comedy (Libanius) adopted aspects of the genre to negotiate power struggles, facilitate literary and sophistic rivalries, and as a model for autobiographical writing. To varying degrees, these writers wove recognizable features of the genre (e.g. the parabasis, its agonistic language, the stage biographies of the individual poets) into their writings. The image of Old Comedy that emerges from this time is that of a genre in transition. It was, on the one hand, with the exception of Aristophanes' extant plays, on the verge of being almost completely lost; on the other hand, its reputation and several of its most characteristic elements were being renegotiated and reinvented.
In recent decades the study of British foreign policy and diplomacy has broadened in focus. No longer is it enough for historians to look at the actions of the elite figures - diplomats and foreign secretaries - in isolation; increasingly the role of their advisers and subordinates, and those on the fringes of the diplomatic world, is recognised as having exerted critical influence on key decisions and policies. This volume gives further impetus to this revelation, honing in on the fringes of British diplomacy through a selection of case studies of individuals who were able to influence policy. By contextualising each study, the volume explores the wider circles in which these individuals moved, exploring the broader issues affecting the processes of foreign policy. Not the least of these is the issue of official mindsets and of networks of influence in Britain and overseas, inculcated, for example, in the leading public schools, at the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, and in gentlemen's clubs in London's West End. As such the volume contributes to the growing literature on human agency as well as mentalité studies in the history of international relations. Moreover it also highlights related themes which have been insufficiently studied by international historians, for example, the influence that outside groups such as missionaries and the press had on the shaping of foreign policy and the role that strategy, intelligence and the experience of war played in the diplomatic process. Through such an approach the workings of British diplomacy during the high-tide of empire is revealed in new and intriguing ways.
In the 1950s professional historians claiming to specialize in tropical Africa were no more than a handful. The teaching of world history was confined to high school courses, and even those focused on European history. Philip Curtin developed a sound methodology for teaching world history and, always a controversial figure, revived the study of the history of the Atlantic slave trade. His career stands as an example of the kind of dissatisfaction and struggle that brought about a sea change in higher education. Curtin founded African Studies and the Program in Comparative World History at Wisconsin and Johns Hopkins universities, programs that produced many of the most influential Africanists from the 1950s into the 1990s.Written with economy and telling detail, On the Fringes of History follows Curtin from his beginnings in West Virginia in the 1920s. This memoir, beautifully illustrated with Curtin's photographs, tracks the emergence of American interest and engagement with the wider world and writes an important chapter in the history of twentieth-century academia.ABOUT THE AUTHOR---Philip D. Curtin is Herbert Baxter Adams Professor Emeritus, at Johns Hopkins University. His books include The Atlantic Slave Trade: a Census and Cross Cultural Trade in World History.
On the Fringes of Literature and Digital Media Culture presents a polyphonic account of mutual interpenetrations of literature and new media, highlighting the impact of digital culture on the user experience and the modes of social communication and interaction.
Scientific discoveries are constantly in the news. Almost daily we hear about new and important breakthroughs. But sometimes it turns out that what was trumpeted as scientific truth is later discredited, or controversy may long swirl about some dramatic claim. What is a nonscientist to believe? Many books debunk pseudoscience, and some others present only the scientific consensus on any given issue. In At the Fringes of Science Michael Friedlander offers a careful look at the shadowlands of science. What makes Friedlander's book especially useful is that he reviews conventional scientific method and shows how scientists examine the hard cases to determine what is science and what is pseudoscience. Emphasizing that there is no clear line of demarcation between science and nonscience, Friedlander leads the reader through case after entertaining case, covering the favorites of "tabloid science" such as astrology and UFOs, scientific controversies such as cold fusion, and those maverick ideas that were at first rejected by science only to be embraced later. There are many good stories here, but there is also much learning and wisdom. Students of science and interested lay readers will come away from this book with an increased understanding of what science is, how it works, and how the nonscientist should deal with science at its fringes.
The Fringes of Belief is the first literary study of freethinking and religious skepticism in the English Enlightenment. Ellenzweig aims to redress this scholarly lacuna, arguing that a literature of English freethinking has been overlooked because it unexpectedly supported aspects of institutional religion. Analyzing works by John Wilmot, Earl of Rochester, Aphra Behn, Jonathan Swift, and Alexander Pope, she foregrounds a strand of the English freethinking tradition that was suspicious of revealed religion yet often strongly opposed to the open denigration of Anglican Christianity and its laws. By exposing the contradictory and volatile status of categories like belief and doubt this book participates in the larger argument in Enlightenment studies—as well as in current scholarship on the condition of modernity more generally—-that religion is not so simply left behind in the shift from the pre-modern to the modern world.
What was it like to grow up on the fringes of our modern society? Life in the Fringes presents a collection of short stories and poetry that marks the transition from the innocence of childhood to the understanding of adult life. It examines the situations a child experiences as life takes its twists and turns. Author David de Tremaudan uses autobiographical storytelling that combines old oral traditions with a personal, modern perspective. Each short story offers tale of de Tremaudans life, described from his unique perspective. It explores the personal view of a child maturing towards adulthood and his growing awareness of the values, morals, and beliefs that frame his life. Evil We look for evil apart from man Someone to personify But, the true face of evil With humankind does lie Evil is not an entity That to Satan gives a face But the truth is in the lot of us The total human race We travel the world to seek our fates For our selves and truth we search And in our search we see the ways That evil will besmirch When Rome took the world renown And its legions where conquering all Ask a Roman citizen then If it was wrong to conquer Gaul
Moiré Fringes in Strain Analysis provides a comprehensive coverage of the measurement of strains in deformed bodies and engineering structures. The title details the methods and techniques in strain analysis using the moiré fringe phenomenon. The text first covers the general theory, and then proceeds to tackling the moiré patterns. Next the selection deals with the applications of line gratings to two-dimensional strain measurement. The text also talks about surface topology by moiré patterns, along with the applications of moiré methods to dynamic problems and curved surfaces. The ninth chapter discusses moiré extensometers, while the tenth chapter tackles the precision and influence of grating defects. The remaining chapters detail the technological information on reproduction techniques of gratings and the evaluation of moiré methods. The book will be of great use to students, practitioners, and researchers of materials engineering and pure and applied mathematics.
This Autobiography Deals With The Events In The Life Of The Author Who Is Relatively An Unknown Entity But Who, In A Span Of Five Decades Of Public Service In India And Abroad, Worked As A Faculty Member Of University, An Official Of Government Of India, A Consultant With Ford Foundation (India) And A Staff Member Of International Monetary Fund.
On The Fringe is a community zine (handmade booklet) from Ithaca's unhoused neighbors and allies. Through a series of workshops at Saint John's Community Services (SJCS), participants created drawings and paintings, wrote poetry and essays, and contributed interviews and skillshares. The topics range from experiences being unhoused to universal themes of Living, Loss and Memory, Mind and Body, and Change. These themes make up the chapters of the book. This project was organized by Kate Laux, Case Manager and Art Options Coordinator at SJCS and Laura Rowley, owner of Illuminated Press. It was funded in part by a grant from the Decentralization Program and administered by the Community Arts Partnership.