Multiscale Computer Modeling in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

Multiscale Computer Modeling in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

Author: Amit Gefen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642364822

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 396

View: 783

This book reviews the state-of-the-art in multiscale computer modeling, in terms of both accomplishments and challenges. The information in the book is particularly useful for biomedical engineers, medical physicists and researchers in systems biology, mathematical biology, micro-biomechanics and biomaterials who are interested in how to bridge between traditional biomedical engineering work at the organ and tissue scales, and the newer arenas of cellular and molecular bioengineering.

IUTAM Symposium on Multiscale Modelling of Fatigue, Damage and Fracture in Smart Materials

IUTAM Symposium on Multiscale Modelling of Fatigue, Damage and Fracture in Smart Materials

Author: Meinhard Kuna

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048198870

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 855

Today, multi-functional materials such as piezoelectric/ferroelectric ceramics, magneto-strictive and shape memory alloys are gaining increasing applications as sensors, actuators or smart composite materials systems for emerging high tech areas. The stable performance and reliability of these smart components under complex service loads is of paramount practical importance. However, most multi-functional materials suffer from various mechanical and/or electro-magnetical degra-dation mechanisms as fatigue, damage and fracture. Therefore, this exciting topic has become a challenge to intensive international research, provoking the interdisciplinary approach between solid mechanics, materials science and physics. This book summarizes the outcome of the above mentioned IUTAM-symposium, assembling contributions by leading scientists in this area. Particularly, the following topics have been addressed: (1) Development of computational methods for coupled electromechanical field analysis, especially extended, adaptive and multi-level finite elements. (2) Constitutive modeling of non-linear smart material behavior with coupled electric, magnetic, thermal and mechanical fields, primarily based on micro-mechanical models. (3) Investigations of fracture and fatigue in piezoelectric and ferroelectric ceramics by means of process zone modeling, phase field simulation and configurational mechanics. (4) Reliability and durability of sensors and actuators under in service loading by alternating mechanical, electrical and thermal fields. (5) Experimental methods to measure fracture strength and to investigate fatigue crack growth in ferroelectric materials under electromechanical loading. (6) New ferroelectric materials, compounds and composites with enhanced strain capabilities.

Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2013 Edition

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 9781490106090

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1195

View: 959

Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Reproductive Biomedicine. The editors have built Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Reproductive Biomedicine in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Multiscale Models of Brain Disorders

Multiscale Models of Brain Disorders

Author: Vassilis Cutsuridis

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030188306

Category: Medical

Page: 222

View: 529

This book focuses on our current understanding of brain dynamics in various brain disorders (e.g. epilepsy, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease) and how the multi-scale, multi-level tools of computational neuroscience can enhance this understanding. In recent years, there have been significant advances in the study of the dynamics of the disordered brain at both the microscopic and the macroscopic levels. This understanding can be furthered by the application of multi-scale computational models as integrative principles that may link single neuron dynamics and the dynamics of local and distant brain regions observed using human EEG, ERPs, MEG, LFPs and fMRI. Focusing on the computational models that are used to study movement, memory and cognitive disorders as well as epilepsy and consciousness related diseases, the book brings together physiologists and anatomists investigating cortical circuits; cognitive neuroscientists studying brain dynamics and behavior by means of EEG and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI); and computational neuroscientists using neural modeling techniques to explore local and large-scale disordered brain dynamics. Covering topics that have a significant impact on the field of medicine, neuroscience and computer science, the book appeals to a diverse group of investigators.

Computational Models in Biomedical Engineering

Computational Models in Biomedical Engineering

Author: Milos Kojic

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780323906692

Category: Science

Page: 402

View: 379

Computational Models in Biomedical Engineering: Finite Element Models Based on Smeared Physical Fields: Theory, Solutions, and Software discusses novel computational methodologies developed by the authors that address a variety of topics in biomedicine, with concepts that rely on the so-called smeared physical field built into the finite element method. A new and straightforward methodology is represented by their Kojic Transport Model (KTM), where a composite smeared finite element (CSFE) as a FE formulation contains different fields (e.g., drug concentration, electrical potential) in a composite medium, such as tissue, which includes the capillary and lymphatic system, different cell groups and organelles. The continuum domains participate in the overall model according to their volumetric fractions. The governing laws and material parameters are assigned to each of the domains. Furthermore, the continuum fields are coupled at each FE node by connectivity elements which take into account biological barriers such as vessel walls and cells. Provides a methodology based on the smeared concept within the finite element method which is simple, straightforward and easy to use Enables the modeling of complex physical field problems and the mechanics of biological systems Includes features that are illustrated in chapters devoted to applications surrounding tissue, heart and lung Includes a methodology that can serve as a basis for further enhancements by including additional phenomena which can be described by relevant relationships, derived theoretically or experimentally observed in laboratories and clinics

Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2012 Edition

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 9781481646055

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 354

View: 439

Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2012 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Biomedical Engineering. The editors have built Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2012 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Biomedical Engineering in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Biomedical Engineering Research and Application: 2012 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Multiscale Biomechanical Modeling of the Brain

Multiscale Biomechanical Modeling of the Brain

Author: Mark F. Horstemeyer

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128181454

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 276

View: 813

Multiscale Biomechanical Modeling of the Brain discusses the constitutive modeling of the brain at various length scales (nanoscale, microscale, mesoscale, macroscale and structural scale). In each scale, the book describes the state-of-the- experimental and computational tools used to quantify critical deformational information at each length scale. Then, at the structural scale, several user-based constitutive material models are presented, along with real-world boundary value problems. Lastly, design and optimization concepts are presented for use in occupant-centric design frameworks. This book is useful for both academia and industry applications that cover basic science aspects or applied research in head and brain protection. The multiscale approach to this topic is unique, and not found in other books. It includes meticulously selected materials that aim to connect the mechanistic analysis of the brain tissue at size scales ranging from subcellular to organ levels. Presents concepts in a theoretical and thermodynamic framework for each length scale Teaches readers not only how to use an existing multiscale model for each brain but also how to develop a new multiscale model Takes an integrated experimental-computational approach and gives structured multiscale coverage of the problems

Multiscale Modeling in Biomechanics and Mechanobiology

Multiscale Modeling in Biomechanics and Mechanobiology

Author: Suvranu De

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1447172299

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 286

View: 145

Presenting a state-of-the-art overview of theoretical and computational models that link characteristic biomechanical phenomena, this book provides guidelines and examples for creating multiscale models in representative systems and organisms. It develops the reader's understanding of and intuition for multiscale phenomena in biomechanics and mechanobiology, and introduces a mathematical framework and computational techniques paramount to creating predictive multiscale models. Biomechanics involves the study of the interactions of physical forces with biological systems at all scales – including molecular, cellular, tissue and organ scales. The emerging field of mechanobiology focuses on the way that cells produce and respond to mechanical forces – bridging the science of mechanics with the disciplines of genetics and molecular biology. Linking disparate spatial and temporal scales using computational techniques is emerging as a key concept in investigating some of the complex problems underlying these disciplines. Providing an invaluable field manual for graduate students and researchers of theoretical and computational modelling in biology, this book is also intended for readers interested in biomedical engineering, applied mechanics and mathematical biology.

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Author: Zhongmin Jin

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780128227626

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 632

View: 487

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System: Biomaterials and Tissues, Second Edition reviews how a wide range of materials are modeled and applied. Chapters cover basic concepts for modeling of biomechanics and biotribology, the fundamentals of computational modeling of biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, finite element modeling in the musculoskeletal system, computational modeling from a cells and tissues perspective, and computational modeling of the biomechanics and biotribology interactions, looking at complex joint structures. This book is a comprehensive resource for professionals in the biomedical market, materials scientists and biomechanical engineers, and academics in related fields. This important new edition provides an up-to-date overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application, including new content on novel technologies, biomorphic hydroxyapatite and more. Provides detailed, introductory coverage of modeling of cells and tissues, modeling of biomaterials and interfaces, biomechanics and biotribology Discusses applications of modeling for joint replacements and applications of computational modeling in tissue engineering Offers a holistic perspective, from cells and small ligaments to complex joint interactions

Multiscale Modeling in Biomechanics and Mechanobiology

Multiscale Modeling in Biomechanics and Mechanobiology

Author: Suvranu De

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781447165996

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 286

View: 201

Presenting a state-of-the-art overview of theoretical and computational models that link characteristic biomechanical phenomena, this book provides guidelines and examples for creating multiscale models in representative systems and organisms. It develops the reader's understanding of and intuition for multiscale phenomena in biomechanics and mechanobiology, and introduces a mathematical framework and computational techniques paramount to creating predictive multiscale models. Biomechanics involves the study of the interactions of physical forces with biological systems at all scales – including molecular, cellular, tissue and organ scales. The emerging field of mechanobiology focuses on the way that cells produce and respond to mechanical forces – bridging the science of mechanics with the disciplines of genetics and molecular biology. Linking disparate spatial and temporal scales using computational techniques is emerging as a key concept in investigating some of the complex problems underlying these disciplines. Providing an invaluable field manual for graduate students and researchers of theoretical and computational modelling in biology, this book is also intended for readers interested in biomedical engineering, applied mechanics and mathematical biology.

Encyclopedia of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

Encyclopedia of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128114322

Category: Medical

Page: 3284

View: 425

Encyclopedia of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: ABC of Bioinformatics combines elements of computer science, information technology, mathematics, statistics and biotechnology, providing the methodology and in silico solutions to mine biological data and processes. The book covers Theory, Topics and Applications, with a special focus on Integrative –omics and Systems Biology. The theoretical, methodological underpinnings of BCB, including phylogeny are covered, as are more current areas of focus, such as translational bioinformatics, cheminformatics, and environmental informatics. Finally, Applications provide guidance for commonly asked questions. This major reference work spans basic and cutting-edge methodologies authored by leaders in the field, providing an invaluable resource for students, scientists, professionals in research institutes, and a broad swath of researchers in biotechnology and the biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Brings together information from computer science, information technology, mathematics, statistics and biotechnology Written and reviewed by leading experts in the field, providing a unique and authoritative resource Focuses on the main theoretical and methodological concepts before expanding on specific topics and applications Includes interactive images, multimedia tools and crosslinking to further resources and databases

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering

Author:

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128051443

Category: Science

Page: 2054

View: 617

Encyclopedia of Biomedical Engineering is a unique source for rapidly evolving updates on topics that are at the interface of the biological sciences and engineering. Biomaterials, biomedical devices and techniques play a significant role in improving the quality of health care in the developed world. The book covers an extensive range of topics related to biomedical engineering, including biomaterials, sensors, medical devices, imaging modalities and imaging processing. In addition, applications of biomedical engineering, advances in cardiology, drug delivery, gene therapy, orthopedics, ophthalmology, sensing and tissue engineering are explored. This important reference work serves many groups working at the interface of the biological sciences and engineering, including engineering students, biological science students, clinicians, and industrial researchers. Provides students with a concise description of the technologies at the interface of the biological sciences and engineering Covers all aspects of biomedical engineering, also incorporating perspectives from experts working within the domains of biomedicine, medical engineering, biology, chemistry, physics, electrical engineering, and more Contains reputable, multidisciplinary content from domain experts Presents a ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information written by world-leading scholars in the field