This unique book complements traditional textbooks by providing a visual yet rigorous survey of the mathematics used in theoretical physics beyond that typically covered in undergraduate math and physics courses. The exposition is pedagogical but compact, and the emphasis is on defining and visualizing concepts and relationships between them, as well as listing common confusions, alternative notations and jargon, and relevant facts and theorems. Special attention is given to detailed figures and geometric viewpoints. Certain topics which are well covered in textbooks, such as historical motivations, proofs and derivations, and tools for practical calculations, are avoided. The primary physical models targeted are general relativity, spinors, and gauge theories, with notable chapters on Riemannian geometry, Clifford algebras, and fiber bundles.
This book on Advance Elements of Laser circuits and systems Nonlinearity applications in engineering addresses two separate engineering and scientific areas, and presents advanced analysis methods for Laser circuits and systems that cover a broad range of engineering and scientific applications. The book analyzed Laser circuits and systems as linear and nonlinear dynamical systems and there limit cycles, bifurcation, and limit cycle stability by using nonlinear dynamic theory. Further, it discussed a broad range of bifurcations related to Laser systems and circuits, starting from laser system differential equations and their bifurcations, delay differential equations (DDEs) are a function of time delays, delay dependent parameters, followed by phase plane analysis, limit cycles and their bifurcations, chaos, iterated maps, period doubling. It combines graphical information with analytical analysis to effectively study the local stability of Laser systems models involving delay dependent parameters. Specifically, the stability of a given steady state is determined by the graphs of some functions of which can be expressed explicitly. The Laser circuits and systems are Laser diode circuits, MRI system Laser diode circuitry, Electron-photon exchanges into VCSEL, Ti: Sapphire laser systems, Ion channel and long-wavelength lasers, Solid state lasers, Solid state laser controlled by semiconductor devices, microchip solid-state laser, Q-switched diode-pumped solid-state laser, Nd:YAG, Mid-Infrared and Q-switched microchip lasers, Gas laser systems, copper vapor laser (CVL) circuitry, Dual-wavelength laser systems, Dual-wavelength operation of a Ti:sapphire laser, Diode-pumped Q-switched Nd:YVO4 yellow laser, Asymmetric dual quantum well lasers, Tm3+-doped silica fibre lasers, Terahertz dual-wavelength quantum cascade laser. The Book address also the additional areas, Laser X guiding system, Plasma diagnostics, Laser Beam shaping, Jitter and crosstalk, Plasma mirror systems, and High power Laser/Target diagnostic system optical elements. The book is unique in its emphasis on practical and innovative engineering and scientific applications. All conceptual Laser circuits are innovative and can be broadly implemented in many engineering applications. The dynamics of Laser circuits and systems provides several ways to use them in a variety of applications covering wide areas. This book is aimed at electrical and electronics engineers, students and researchers in physics as well. It is also aimed for research institutes in lasers and plasma physics and gives good comprehensive in laser and plasma systems. In each chapter, the concept is developed from basic assumptions up to the final engineering and scientific outcomes. The scientific background is explained at basic and advance levels and closely integrated with mathematical theory. Many examples are presented in this book and it is also ideal for intermediate level courses at graduate level studies. It is also ideal for engineer who has not had formal instruction in nonlinear dynamics, but who now desires to fill the gap between innovative Laser circuits/systems and advance mathematical analysis methods
Einstein's energy-momentum relation is applicable to particles of all speeds, including the particle at rest and the massless particle moving with the speed of light. If one formula or formalism is applicable to all speeds, we say it is 'Lorentz-covariant.' As for the internal space-time symmetries, there does not appear to be a clear way to approach this problem. For a particle at rest, there are three spin degrees of freedom. For a massless particle, there are helicity and gauge degrees of freedom. The aim of this book is to present one Lorentz-covariant picture of these two different space-time symmetries. Using the same mathematical tool, it is possible to give a Lorentz-covariant picture of Gell-Mann's quark model for the proton at rest and Feynman's parton model for the fast-moving proton. The mathematical formalism for these aspects of the Lorentz covariance is based on two-by-two matrices and harmonic oscillators which serve as two basic scientific languages for many different branches of physics. It is pointed out that the formalism presented in this book is applicable to various aspects of optical sciences of current interest.
This new adaptation of Arfken and Weber's bestselling Mathematical Methods for Physicists, Fifth Edition, is the most comprehensive, modern, and accessible text for using mathematics to solve physics problems. Additional explanations and examples make it student-friendly and more adaptable to a course syllabus. KEY FEATURES: This is a more accessible version of Arfken and Weber's blockbuster reference, Mathematical Methods for Physicists, 5th Edition Many more detailed, worked-out examples illustrate how to use and apply mathematical techniques to solve physics problems More frequent and thorough explanations help readers understand, recall, and apply the theory New introductions and review material provide context and extra support for key ideas Many more routine problems reinforce basic concepts and computations
From fundamental concepts to cutting-edge applications, this is the first encyclopaedic reference of important terms and effects in optoelectronics and photonics. It contains broad coverage of terms and concepts from materials to optical devices and communications systems. Self-contained descriptions of common tools and phenomena are provided for undergraduate and graduate students, scientists, engineers and technicians in industry and laboratories. The book strikes a balance between materials and devices related coverage and systems level terms, and captures key nomenclature used in the field. Equations are used where necessary, and lengthy derivations are avoided. Over 600 clear and self-explanatory illustrations are used to help convey key concepts, and enable readers to quickly grasp important concepts.
This unprecedented collection of 27,000 quotations is the most comprehensive and carefully researched of its kind, covering all fields of science and mathematics. With this vast compendium you can readily conceptualize and embrace the written images of scientists, laymen, politicians, novelists, playwrights, and poets about humankind's scientific achievements. Approximately 9000 high-quality entries have been added to this new edition to provide a rich selection of quotations for the student, the educator, and the scientist who would like to introduce a presentation with a relevant quotation that provides perspective and historical background on his subject. Gaither's Dictionary of Scientific Quotations, Second Edition, provides the finest reference source of science quotations for all audiences. The new edition adds greater depth to the number of quotations in the various thematic arrangements and also provides new thematic categories.
An engagingly-written account of mathematical tools and ideas, this book provides a graduate-level introduction to the mathematics used in research in physics. The first half of the book focuses on the traditional mathematical methods of physics - differential and integral equations, Fourier series and the calculus of variations. The second half contains an introduction to more advanced subjects, including differential geometry, topology and complex variables. The authors' exposition avoids excess rigor whilst explaining subtle but important points often glossed over in more elementary texts. The topics are illustrated at every stage by carefully chosen examples, exercises and problems drawn from realistic physics settings. These make it useful both as a textbook in advanced courses and for self-study.
This volume is intended to serve as a handbook which contains data dealing with the characteristics of systems with distributed and lumped parameters. Some two hundred problems are discussed and, for each problem, all the main characteristics of the solution are listed: standardising functions, Green's functions, transfer functions or matrices, eigenfunctions and eigenvalues with their asymptotics, roots of characteristic equations, and others. In addition to systems described by a single differential equation, this volume also includes degenerate multiconnected systems. The purpose of this volume is to make it easier to compare a large number of systems with distributed parameters. It also is intended to point the way for the solution of problems in the structural theory of distributed-parameter systems. The book contains three major chapters. Chapter 1 deals with special descriptions combining concrete and general features of distributed parameter systems of selected integro-differential equations. Also presented are the characteristics of simple quantum mechanical systems, and data for other systems. Chapter 2 presents the characteristics of systems of differential or integral equations. Several different multiconnected systems are presented. Chapter 3 describes practical prescriptions for finding and understanding the characteristics of various classes of distributed systems. Audience: Researchers whose work involves processes in continuous media, various kinds of field phenomena, problems of mathematical physics, and the control of distributed-parameter systems.
This book, now in its second edition, introduces the singularity analysis of differential and difference equations via the Painlevé test and shows how Painlevé analysis provides a powerful algorithmic approach to building explicit solutions to nonlinear ordinary and partial differential equations. It is illustrated with integrable equations such as the nonlinear Schrödinger equation, the Korteweg-de Vries equation, Hénon-Heiles type Hamiltonians, and numerous physically relevant examples such as the Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation, the Kolmogorov-Petrovski-Piskunov equation, and mainly the cubic and quintic Ginzburg-Landau equations. Extensively revised, updated, and expanded, this new edition includes: recent insights from Nevanlinna theory and analysis on both the cubic and quintic Ginzburg-Landau equations; a close look at physical problems involving the sixth Painlevé function; and an overview of new results since the book’s original publication with special focus on finite difference equations. The book features tutorials, appendices, and comprehensive references, and will appeal to graduate students and researchers in both mathematics and the physical sciences.