Gramsci's Common Sense

Gramsci's Common Sense

Author: Kate Crehan

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822373742

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 778

Acknowledged as one of the classics of twentieth-century Marxism, Antonio Gramsci's Prison Notebooks contains a rich and nuanced theorization of class that provides insights that extend far beyond economic inequality. In Gramsci's Common Sense Kate Crehan offers new ways to understand the many forms that structural inequality can take, including in regards to race, gender, sexual orientation, and religion. Presupposing no previous knowledge of Gramsci on the part of the reader, she introduces the Prison Notebooks and provides an overview of Gramsci’s notions of subalternity, intellectuals, and common sense, putting them in relation to the work of thinkers such as Bourdieu, Arendt, Spivak, and Said. In the case studies of the Tea Party and Occupy Wall Street movements, Crehan theorizes the complex relationships between the experience of inequality, exploitation, and oppression, as well as the construction of political narratives. Gramsci's Common Sense is an accessible and concise introduction to a key Marxist thinker whose works illuminate the increasing inequality in the twenty-first century.

"Common Sense" and Philosophy in Gramsci

Author: Chrisoula Mitsopoulou

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1179555181

Category:

Page: 340

View: 758

The concept of "common sense" in the work of Antonio Gramsci is analysed and an attempt is made to delineate the links between this concept and his conception of the nature and role of philosophy. A central argument of the study is that "common sense" in Gramsci designates not merely a set of ideas, but a type of consciousness. However, although it mainly refers to a certain social location (the popular strata), this does not exhaust its significance. Thus, "common sense" is investigated as a concept closely related to that of "natural consciousness" and to that of "spontaneous philosophy". In addition, several juxtapositions between the Gramscian framework and theoretical currents (especially the Enlightenment, "Ordinary Language Philosophy", and the Phenomenological tradition) are suggested. Reference is made to the problems involved in this understanding of the concept in connection with its social relativisation by Gramsci, and several issues concerning its relationship to "good sense" are also identified. It is concluded that "common sense"is a type of "philosophy" which, for Gramsci, has to be overcome, and the study focuses on the way in which he understands "critical" consciousness and its relationship to the genuine type of philosophy that, for him, Marxist philosophy (the "philosophy of praxis") has to inaugurate. In this context, the issue of the relations between theory and practice in their epistemological and socio-historical relevances are examined. Reference is made to the links between Gramsci's views on "common sense", his conception of nature, and the targets and prospects of a revolutionary politics. The way in which Gramsci's relevant elaborations are related to his positions on science and the scienticity of the "philosophy of praxis", is pointed out, following from his advocating an "absolute historicism", a concept which is open to further clarification and debate.

Culture and Consensus in European Varieties of Capitalism

Culture and Consensus in European Varieties of Capitalism

Author: I. Bruff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230583436

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 519

Using two milestones in the Dutch and German political economies - Wassenaar and Alliance for Jobs respectively - this book argues that Antonio Gramsci's 'common sense' provides us with the conceptual apparatus necessary for analysing the integral role played by culture and consensus in the trajectories of national capitalisms in Europe.

The Philosophy and Common Sense Reader

The Philosophy and Common Sense Reader

Author: Markar Melkonian

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350073753

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 497

What might common sense be? Is it a mental capacity? Or does it consist of just truisms and precepts? If the latter is the case, is this knowledge innate or empirical? Or is it like “human nature”-a term that has played its role in rhetoric, but that does not appear to have a definite, agreed-upon meaning? Indeed we can learn a great deal about some of the most influential modern philosophers, from the Enlightenment to Ludwig Wittgenstein and W.V.O. Quine, by examining what they have to say about common sense, whilst the anthropologist Clifford Geertz observed that common sense “has become a central category, almost the central category, in a wide range of modern philosophical systems.” This book investigates the nature of common sense through a selection of key writings on epistemology, the philosophy of science, the philosophy of religion, meta-ethics and the philosophy of economics and political philosophy. The authors included are representative of the Scottish School, such as David Hume, the Ordinary Language School, and members of the Analytic tradition, including Karl Popper, but they also incorporate thinkers like John Dewey from the American pragmatist tradition, the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci, recent popular writers on economics, and even pamphleteers, from Thomas Paine to contemporary engaged journalists. This is the first reader to provide such a comprehensive overview of the central writings on common sense. It features review questions and further reading lists at the end of each section.

Gramsci and Education

Gramsci and Education

Author: Carmel Borg

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742500330

Category: Education

Page: 335

View: 425

Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) is one of the major social and political theorists of the 20th century whose work has had an enormous influence on several fields, including educational theory and practice. Gramsci and Education demonstrates the relevance of Antonio Gramsci's thought for contemporary educational debates. The essays are written by scholars located in different parts of the world, a number of whom are well known internationally for their contributions to Gramscian scholarship and/or educational research. The collection deals with a broad range of topics, including schooling, adult education in general, popular education, workers' education, cultural studies, critical pedagogy, multicultural education, and the role of intellectuals in contemporary society.

The Philosophy and Common Sense Reader

The Philosophy and Common Sense Reader

Author: Markar Melkonian

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350073760

Category: Philosophy

Page: 360

View: 701

What might common sense be? Is it a mental capacity? Or does it consist of just truisms and precepts? If the latter is the case, is this knowledge innate or empirical? Or is it like “human nature”-a term that has played its role in rhetoric, but that does not appear to have a definite, agreed-upon meaning? Indeed we can learn a great deal about some of the most influential modern philosophers, from the Enlightenment to Ludwig Wittgenstein and W.V.O. Quine, by examining what they have to say about common sense, whilst the anthropologist Clifford Geertz observed that common sense “has become a central category, almost the central category, in a wide range of modern philosophical systems.” This book investigates the nature of common sense through a selection of key writings on epistemology, the philosophy of science, the philosophy of religion, meta-ethics and the philosophy of economics and political philosophy. The authors included are representative of the Scottish School, such as David Hume, the Ordinary Language School, and members of the Analytic tradition, including Karl Popper, but they also incorporate thinkers like John Dewey from the American pragmatist tradition, the Italian Marxist Antonio Gramsci, recent popular writers on economics, and even pamphleteers, from Thomas Paine to contemporary engaged journalists. This is the first reader to provide such a comprehensive overview of the central writings on common sense. It features review questions and further reading lists at the end of each section.

Philosophy, Common Sense, and Action in Educational Administration

Philosophy, Common Sense, and Action in Educational Administration

Author: John Codd

Publisher: UNSW Press

ISBN: PSU:000017031868

Category: Educational planning

Page: 117

View: 808

The introductory essay in this volume examines the relationship between philosophy and common sense as these pertain to educational administration, and suggests that philosophy should become a form of critical self-reflective decision-making that occurs within the domain of social action and does not stop with the achievement of clarity of understanding. Because social action is structured and constrained by the logic and beliefs of common sense, a critique of common sense, grounded in a Marxist dialectic of theory and practice, can liberate social action from unchallenged ways of perceiving and interpreting the world. Thus the proper task of philosophy in the context of administrative action is both critical and emancipatory. Following this essay are four readings by different authors: (1)"Philosophers of Education: Detached Spectators or Political Practitioners?," by K. Harris; (2) "Power, Tradition, and Change: Educational Implications of the Thought of Antonio Gramsci," by G. Mardle; (3) "Piaget, Marx, and the Political Ideology of Schooling," by B. A. Kaufman; and (4) "Making Student 'Types': The Links between Professional and Commonsense Knowledge Systems and Educational Practice," by D. L. Carlson. An annotated bibliography is included. (TE)

Common Sense and Legal Judgment

Common Sense and Legal Judgment

Author: Patricia Cochran

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773552319

Category: Law

Page:

View: 187

What does it mean when a judge in a court of law uses the phrase “common sense”? Is it a type of evidence or a mode of reasoning? In a world characterized by material and political inequalities, whose common sense should inform the law? Common Sense and Legal Judgment explores this rhetorically powerful phrase, arguing that common sense, when invoked in political and legal discourses without adequate reflection, poses a threat to the quality and legitimacy of legal judgment. Often operating in the service of conservatism, populism, or majoritarianism, common sense can harbour stereotypes, reproduce unjust power relations, and silence marginalized people. Nevertheless, drawing the works of theorists such as Thomas Reid, Antonio Gramsci, and Hannah Arendt into conversation with rulings by the Supreme Court of Canada, Patricia Cochran demonstrates that with careful attention, the democratic, egalitarian, and community-sustaining aspects of common sense can be brought to light. A call for critical self-reflection and the close scrutiny of power relationships and social contexts, this book is a direct response to social justice predicaments and their confounding relationships to law. Creative and interdisciplinary, Common Sense and Legal Judgment reinvigorates feminist and anti-poverty understandings of judgment, knowledge, justice, and accountability.

Gramsci's Pathways

Gramsci's Pathways

Author: Guido Liguori

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004303690

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 903

In Gramsci's Pathways Guido Liguori offers a philological 'excavation' of the Sardinian Communist's Prison Notebooks, providing fresh insight into the central themes of his thought.

Race and the Foundations of Knowledge

Race and the Foundations of Knowledge

Author: Joseph A. Young

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252072567

Category: Education

Page: 266

View: 817

How are literary genres racialized? How are definitions of history and historicity predicated on notions of racial difference? How have the arts been constructed on racialized aesthetic foundations, and how have they benefited from institutions of slavery and colonialism? This anthology demonstrates the longstanding, multifarious, and major role that race has played in the formation of knowledge. The authors demonstrate how race theory intersects with other bodies of knowledge by examining discursive records such as travelogues, literature, and historiography; theoretical structures such as common sense, pseudoscientific racism, and Eurocentrism; social structures of class, advancement, and identity; and politico-economic structures of capitalism, colonialism, and law. Editors Joseph Young and Jana Evans Braziel aim to demonstrate the richness that emerges when race is taken into consideration and the misrepresentation of thought that results when it is not.