Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

Author: Nick Heather

Publisher:

ISBN: 0367470047

Category: Substance abuse

Page: 556

View: 118

This ground-breaking book advances the fundamental debate about the nature of addiction. As well as presenting the case for seeing addiction as a brain disease, it brings together all the most cogent and penetrating critiques of the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA) and the main grounds for being skeptical of BDMA claims. The idea that addiction is a brain disease dominates thinking and practice worldwide. However, the editors of this book argue that our understanding of addiction is undergoing a revolutionary change, from being considered a brain disease to a disorder of voluntary behavior. The resolution of this controversy will determine the future of scientific progress in understanding addiction, together with necessary advances in treatment, prevention, and societal responses to addictive disorders. This volume brings together the various strands of the contemporary debate about whether or not addiction is best regarded as a brain disease. Contributors offer arguments for and against, and reasons for uncertainty; they also propose novel alternatives to both brain disease and moral models of addiction. In addition to reprints of classic articles from the addiction research literature, each section contains original chapters written by authorities on their chosen topic. The editors have assembled a stellar cast of chapter authors from a wide range of disciplines - neuroscience, philosophy, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science, sociology, and law - including some of the most brilliant and influential voices in the field of addiction studies today. The result is a landmark volume in the study of addiction which will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers in addiction as well as professionals such as medical practitioners, psychiatrists, psychologists of all varieties, and social workers.

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

Evaluating the Brain Disease Model of Addiction

Author: Nick Heather

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000540062

Category: Psychology

Page: 574

View: 689

This ground-breaking book advances the fundamental debate about the nature of addiction. As well as presenting the case for seeing addiction as a brain disease, it brings together all the most cogent and penetrating critiques of the brain disease model of addiction (BDMA) and the main grounds for being skeptical of BDMA claims. The idea that addiction is a brain disease dominates thinking and practice worldwide. However, the editors of this book argue that our understanding of addiction is undergoing a revolutionary change, from being considered a brain disease to a disorder of voluntary behavior. The resolution of this controversy will determine the future of scientific progress in understanding addiction, together with necessary advances in treatment, prevention, and societal responses to addictive disorders. This volume brings together the various strands of the contemporary debate about whether or not addiction is best regarded as a brain disease. Contributors offer arguments for and against, and reasons for uncertainty; they also propose novel alternatives to both brain disease and moral models of addiction. In addition to reprints of classic articles from the addiction research literature, each section contains original chapters written by authorities on their chosen topic. The editors have assembled a stellar cast of chapter authors from a wide range of disciplines – neuroscience, philosophy, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science, sociology, and law – including some of the most brilliant and influential voices in the field of addiction studies today. The result is a landmark volume in the study of addiction which will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers in addiction as well as professionals such as medical practitioners, psychiatrists, psychologists of all varieties, and social workers.

Treatment Program Evaluation

Treatment Program Evaluation

Author: Allyson Kelley

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781000589313

Category: Medical

Page: 268

View: 715

This invaluable text provides a rigorous guide to the assessment and evaluation of treatment programs through a multi-disciplinary, holistic model of care. It highlights issues of race, social justice, and health equity, and offers real-world guidance to effect community healing and transformation. Written by a researcher and experienced evaluator, the book begins by outlining the theories and research which frame our understanding of substance misuse, and upon which treatment programs are based. It then examines the principles which should underpin any evaluation, before detailing the practical various steps required to conduct an evaluation, from data collection to outcome measurement. The book shows, too, through detailed and effective evaluation, policy changes can be made and treatment programs improved. Including practical examples of evaluation and assessment throughout, and also assessing the numerous social systems which can support recovery, the book builds to a four-step public health model for establishing sustainable treatment programs. In an era where substance misuse has reached epidemic proportions in the United States and beyond, this book will be essential reading for anyone involved in public health policy and practice in this important area.

Neuroscience and Legal Responsibility

Neuroscience and Legal Responsibility

Author: Nicole A Vincent

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199925605

Category: Law

Page: 404

View: 984

Adopting a broadly compatibilist approach, this volume's authors argue that the behavioral and mind sciences do not threaten the moral foundations of legal responsibility. Rather, these sciences provide fresh insight into human agency and updated criteria as well as powerful diagnostic and intervention tools for assessing and altering minds.

Free Will and the Brain

Free Will and the Brain

Author: Walter Glannon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316298626

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 987

Neuroscientific evidence has educated us in the ways in which the brain mediates our thought and behavior and, therefore, forced us to critically examine how we conceive of free will. This volume, featuring contributions from an international and interdisciplinary group of distinguished researchers and scholars, explores how our increasing knowledge of the brain can elucidate the concept of the will and whether or to what extent it is free. It also examines how brain science can inform our normative judgments of moral and criminal responsibility for our actions. Some chapters point out the different respects in which mental disorders can compromise the will and others show how different forms of neuromodulation can reveal the neural underpinning of the mental capacities associated with the will and can restore or enhance them when they are impaired.

From Sin to Disease

From Sin to Disease

Author: Jonathan K. Okinaga

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781666706499

Category: Religion

Page: 159

View: 223

Since Benjamin Rush first introduced the disease of wills as the cause of alcoholism, a steady and slow infiltration of the disease model has infected how the church treats those who struggle with addictions. The first organization that truly sought to remove the soul care of addicts from the church was Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), through their bestselling The Big Book of AA and the introduction of the 12 Steps. AA’s influence on how the church confronts addiction still reverberates today, with many of the ministries that address addiction firmly rooted in what can be found in AA literature. Addictions were once viewed as an issue caused by sin and best addressed through faith and prayer. Currently addiction is seen through the lens of disease. The ramifications are consequential as more church members are struggling with addictions than ever before. Tracing the progression of addiction from sin to disease will reveal that the SBC and its churches have been negligent in understanding the underlying foundations of AA and the influence that the medicalization of substance abuse has had on how churches approach what should be classified as a sin issue.

Theory of Addiction

Theory of Addiction

Author: Robert West

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118484913

Category: Psychology

Page: 280

View: 973

The word ‘addiction’ these days is used to refer toa chronic condition where there is an unhealthily powerful motivation to engage in a particularbehaviour. This can be driven by many different factors – physiological, psychological,environmental and social. If we say that it is all about X, we miss V, W, Y and Z. So, some people thinkaddicts are using drugs to escape from unhappy lives, feelings of anxiety and so on; many are. Somepeople think drugs become addictive because they alter the brain chemistry to create powerfulurges; that is often true. Others think that drug taking is about seeking after pleasure;often it is. Some take the view that addiction is a choice – addicts weigh up the pros and cons ofdoing what they do and decide the former outweigh the latter. Yet others believe that addictssuffer from poor impulse control; that is often true… And so it goes on. When you look at the evidence, you see that all these positionscapture important aspects of the problem – but they are not complete explanations.Neuroscience can help us delve more deeply into some of these explanations, while the behavioural andsocial sciences are better at exploring others. We need a model that puts all this together in away that can help us decide what to do in different cases. Should we prescribe a drug, give theperson some ‘tender loving care’, put them in prison or what? Theory of Addictionprovides this synthesis. The first edition was well received: ‘Throughout the book the reader is exposed to a vastnumber of useful observations...The theoretical aims are timely, refreshing, ambitious and above allchallenging. It opens up a new way of looking at addiction and has the potential to move the fieldof addiction a considerable leap forward. Thus we wholeheartedly would like to recommend thebook for students as well as scholars. Read and learn!’ Nordic Studies on Alcoholand Drugs ‘The book provides a comprehensive review of existingtheories - over 30 in all - and this synthesis of theories constitutes an important contribution in andof itself... West is to be commended for his synthesis of addiction theories that spanneurobiology, psychology and social science and for his insights into what remainsunexplained.’ Addiction This new edition of Theory of Addiction builds on the first,including additional theories in the field, a more developed specification of PRIME theory andanalysis of the expanding evidence base. With this important new information, Theory of Addiction willcontinue to be essential reading for all those working in addiction, from student to experiencedpractitioner – as urged above, Read and learn!

Reclaiming Sexual Wholeness

Reclaiming Sexual Wholeness

Author: Todd Bowman

Publisher: Zondervan Academic

ISBN: 9780310093114

Category: Religion

Page: 381

View: 360

A Comprehensive Christian Resource for Treating Sexual Addiction and Problematic Sexual Behavior An estimated three to five percent of the U.S. population meet the criteria for sexual addiction, and many more engage in problematic sexual behavior or have been harmed by it. The statistics are startling: 77% of Christian men between 18 and 30 watch pornography monthly 35% of Christian men have had an extramarital affair 1 in 6 boys and 1 in 4 girls have been sexually abused Americans spend $13 billion a year on pornography, the regular viewing of which is linked to higher acceptance of violence against women and adversarial sexual beliefs. Therapists and pastors are not always adequately equipped to address the unique demands of competent care for those struggling with sexually addictive behaviors. Reclaiming Sexual Wholeness, edited by Todd Bowman, presents cutting-edge research from a diverse group of experts in a single, comprehensive resource intended for therapists, clergy, and others in helping professions. Contributors include Forest Benedict, Bill Bercaw, Ginger Bercaw, Todd Bowman, Marnie Ferree, Floyd Godfrey, Joshua Grubbs, Josh Hook, Fr. Sean Kilcawley, Debbie Laaser, Mark Laaser, Kevin Skinner, Bill Struthers, and Curt Thompson Reclaiming Sexual Wholeness moves beyond rote cognitive-behavioral approaches and treating sexual addictions solely as lust, adopting a biopsychosocial perspective that incorporates insights from attachment theory and interpersonal neurobiology. The result is a thoroughly faith-integrated, up-to-date resource useful for the classroom, ongoing professional studies, and as a counseling resource.

The Clinician’s Guide to Alcohol Moderation

The Clinician’s Guide to Alcohol Moderation

Author: Cyndi Turner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429561139

Category: Psychology

Page: 212

View: 960

The Clinician’s Guide to Alcohol Moderation examines alcohol use around the world and teaches a range of behavioral health care providers how to help clients practice alcohol moderation. Excavating the current treatments available for alcohol moderation, the book offers step-by-step processes of engaging clients and their families, self-assessments, and alcohol moderation tools. In addition to using it in conjunction with Practicing Alcohol Moderation: A Comprehensive Workbook, readers would benefit from the Alcohol Moderation Assessment which predicts who may be able to successfully drink in moderation as well as developing and monitoring an Alcohol Moderation Plan. The text uses recognized alcohol moderation resources throughout the world as well as real-life case studies to address typical clinician, client, and family member questions. It challenges the traditional recommendation that drinkers experiencing problems are “alcoholics.” This guide is a resource for all who overdrink or know people who struggle with their alcohol use. Through its medium, a broad range of health care providers receive a step-by-step process on how to practice alcohol moderation, how to put tools into practice, case examples, and answers to the most commonly asked questions.

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics

Author: Dan J. Stein

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128150641

Category: Psychology

Page: 310

View: 101

Global Mental Health and Neuroethics explores conceptual, ethical and clinical issues that have emerged with the expansion of clinical neuroscience into middle- and low-income countries. Conceptual issues covered include avoiding scientism and skepticism in global mental health, integrating evidence-based and value-based global medicine, and developing a welfarist approach to the practice of global psychiatry. Ethical issues addressed include those raised by developments in neurogenetics, cosmetic psychopharmacology and deep brain stimulation. Perspectives drawing on global mental health and neuroethics are used to explore a number of different clinical disorders and developmental stages, ranging from childhood through to old age. Synthesizes existing work at the intersection of global mental health and neuroethics Presents the work of leading practitioners of global mental health and neuroethics who address clinical issues Looks at clinical decision-making in settings with non-Western values and customs Covers patient empowerment, human rights, cognitive enhancement, and more

Sex in the Brain

Sex in the Brain

Author: Amee Baird

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231551557

Category: Psychology

Page: 211

View: 162

What controls our sex lives? Our brains. Yet there is surprisingly little research into how our brains influence one of the most fundamental of all human behaviors. And there is even less understanding of what can happen to the sexuality of a person who suffers a brain injury or illness such as a stroke, Parkinson’s disease, or dementia. In Sex in the Brain, clinical neuropsychologist Amee Baird explores fascinating case studies of dramatic changes in sexual behavior and explains what these exceptional stories have to say about human sexuality. She illuminates the extraordinary insights into how the brain works that injury or disease can divulge. Each chapter includes striking personal accounts, many from individuals Baird has met in her clinical practice, of unexpected shifts in sexuality. Until now these fascinating, frightening, and funny stories have been hidden in medical journals or untold outside of the clinical setting. This revealing and sometimes heartbreaking book unfolds a better understanding of the links between brain function and our sexual selves.