Inhaltsangabe:Abstract: The Bluetooth wireless technology is the worlds new short-range RF transmission standard for small form factor, low-cost, short-range radio links between portable or desktop devices. The technology promises to eliminate the confusion of cables, connectors and protocols confounding communications between today high tech products. In the first step a 2.45 GHz Low Noise Amplifier (LNA), intended for use in a Bluetooth receiver, has been designed in a standard 0.18 um CMOS process. The amplifier provides a simulated switchable forward voltage gain of +16 / -7.7 dB with a simulated noise Figure (NF) of only 3 dB while drawing 2.8 mA from a 1.8 V supply. The die area of the LNA (pads included) is 0.79 mm2. In the second step a 2.45 GHz Power Amplifier (PA), also intended for the Bluetooth standard, has been designed in the same 0.18 um CMOS process as for the LNA. The class-A PA achieves a simulated forward gain (S21) of 23 dB and a simulated output 1 dB compression point (P1dB ) of 5.5 dBm, with a power-added efficiency (PAE) of 23 % while drawing 15.8 mA from a 1.8 V supply. The die area of the PA (pads included) is 2.1 mm2. Inhaltsverzeichnis:Table of Contents: 1.Introduction1 1.1Motivation1 1.2Organization2 2.The Bluetooth standard3 2.1Bluetooth as branding-name3 2.2Bluetooth RF requirements4 2.3System design4 2.3.1Receiver architectures4 2.3.2Transmitter architectures6 3.RF CMOS technology9 3.1The foundry9 3.1.1Technology overview9 3.1.2Process Characteristic9 3.2Design Flow10 3.2.1Cadence10 3.2.2SpectreRF10 4.Integrated spiral inductors11 4.1View and physical dimension of spiral11 4.2Model for on-chip spiral inductors12 5.Low Noise Amplifier13 5.1Architecture choices13 5.1.1Recent studies13 5.1.2LNA Architectures13 5.1.3Architecture properties14 5.1.4Architecture choice14 5.2A little piece of theory15 5.2.1Standard MOS noise model15 5.2.2Noise Figure16 5.2.3Input impedance16 5.2.4Voltage Gain18 5.2.5Stability19 5.2.6Noise Figure20 5.3Design approach for the LNA21 5.3.1Circuit topology21 5.3.2RF circuit design strategy21 5.3.3DC operating point design strategy23 5.3.4Input matching24 5.3.5Voltage gain25 5.3.6Noise Figure26 5.3.7Stability27 5.3.8LNA core schematics with component values28 5.4Design approach for the attenuation path of the LNA29 5.4.1Circuit Topology29 5.4.2Switching network29 5.4.3Input matching31 5.4.4Attenuation32 5.4.5Switchable LNA schematics with [...]
The book is a collection of high-quality, peer-reviewed innovative research papers from the International Conference on Signals, Machines and Automation (SIGMA 2018) held at Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology (NSIT), Delhi, India. The conference offered researchers from academic and industry the opportunity to present their original work and exchange ideas, information, techniques and applications in the field of computational intelligence, artificial intelligence and machine intelligence. The book is divided into two volumes discussing a wide variety of industrial, engineering and scientific applications of the emerging techniques.
This volume emphasizes the design and development of advanced switched-opamp architectures and techniques for low-voltage low-power switched-capacitor systems. It presents a novel multi-phase switched-opamp technique together with new system architectures that are critical in improving significantly the performance of switched-capacitor systems at low supply voltages.
A systematic explanation of the principles of radio systems, Digital Radio System Design offers a balanced treatment of both digital transceiver modems and RF front-end subsystems and circuits. It provides an in-depth examination of the complete transceiver chain which helps to connect the two topics in a unified system concept. Although the book tackles such diverse fields it treats them in sufficient depth to give the designer a solid foundation and an implementation perspective. Covering the key concepts and factors that characterise and impact radio transmission and reception, the book presents topics such as receiver design, noise and distortion. Information is provided about more advanced aspects of system design such as implementation losses due to non-idealities. Providing vivid examples, illustrations and detailed case-studies, this book is an ideal introduction to digital radio systems design. Offers a balanced treatment of digital modem and RF front-end design concepts for complete transceivers Presents a diverse range of topics related to digital radio design including advanced transmission and synchronization techniques with emphasis on implementation Provides guidance on imperfections and non-idealities in radio system design Includes detailed design case-studies incorporating measurement and simulation results to illustrate the theory in practice
In the 11th edition in this successful series, the topics are structured-mixed-mode design, multi-bit sigma-delta converters and short range RF circuits. The book provides valuable information and excellent overviews of analogue circuit design, CAD and RF systems.
The Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering of KIET Group of Institutions, Delhi-NCR organized the 4th International Conference ICCE-2020 during November 28-29, 2020. Information compiled in this book is based on the 114 research papers of excellent quality covering different domains of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Computer Science Engineering, Information Technology, Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering. The subject areas treated in the book are: Satellite, Radar and Microwave Techniques, Secure, Smart, and Reliable Networks, Next Generation Networks, Devices & Circuits, Signal & Image Processing, New Emerging Technologies, having the central focus on Recent Trends in Communication & Electronics (ICCE-2020). In addition, a few themes based on Special Sessions have also been conducted in ICCE-2020. The objective of the book resulting from the 4th International Conference on Recent Trends in Communication & Electronics (ICCE-2020) is to provide a resource for the study and research work for an interested audience comprising of researchers, students, audience, and practitioners in the areas of Communications & Computing Systems.
Wireless Body Area Networks (WBANs) are expected to promote new applications for the ambulatory health monitoring of chronic patients and elderly population, aiming to improve their quality of life and independence. These networks are composed by wireless sensor nodes (WSNs) used for measuring physiological variables (e.g., glucose level in blood or body temperature) or controlling therapeutic devices (e.g., implanted insulin pumps). These nodes should exhibit a high degree of energy autonomy in order to extend their battery lifetime or even make the node supply to rely on harvesting techniques. Typically, the power budget of WSNs is dominated by the wireless link and, hence, many efforts have been directed during the last years toward the implementation of power efficient transceivers. Because of the short range (typically no more than a few meters) and low data rate (typically in between 10 kb/s and 1 Mb/s), simple communication protocols can be employed. One of these protocols, specifically tailored for WBAN applications, is the Bluetooth low energy (BLE) standard. This book describes the challenges and solutions for the design of ultra-low power transceivers for WBANs applications and presents the implementation details of a BLE transceiver prototype. Coverage includes not only the main concepts and architectures for achieving low power consumption, but also the details of the circuit design and its implementation in a standard CMOS technology.
The importance and ubiquity of wireless networks in the modern age justifies the depth and scope of the chapters included in this book, with its special focus on sensors. Topics covered include MAC protocols, with one contribution offering a literature review on them. Energy efficiency is also important, with several chapters addressing cooperative beamforming, modern spatial-diversity techniques and MEMS. Hardware issues are addressed by a batch of chapters, on extending network coverage areas, CMOS RF transceivers, the use of an accelerometer sensor module and a fall-detection monitoring system and a couple of contributions on hierarchical paradigms in wireless sensor networks. More mathematical approaches are also included, with chapters on data aggregation tree construction and distributed localization algorithms.
This comprehensive treatment of the challenges in low-power RF CMOS design deals with the design and implementation of low- power wireless transceivers in a standard digital CMOS process. It addresses trade-offs and techniques that improve performance, from the component level to the architectural level.
In recent years, advances in radio detection and ranging technology, sustained by new achievements in the fields of signal processing and electronic components, have permitted the adoption of radars in many civil and defense applications. This resource discusses how highly integrated radar has been adopted by several new markets such as contactless vital sign monitoring (heart rate, breath rate) or harbour traffic control, as well as several applications for vehicle driver assistance. You are provided with scenarios, applications, and requirements, while focusing on the trade-offs between flexibility, programmability, power consumption, size and weight, and complexity.