Computational Models in Biomedical Engineering: Finite Element Models Based on Smeared Physical Fields: Theory, Solutions, and Software discusses novel computational methodologies developed by the authors that address a variety of topics in biomedicine, with concepts that rely on the so-called smeared physical field built into the finite element method. A new and straightforward methodology is represented by their Kojic Transport Model (KTM), where a composite smeared finite element (CSFE) as a FE formulation contains different fields (e.g., drug concentration, electrical potential) in a composite medium, such as tissue, which includes the capillary and lymphatic system, different cell groups and organelles. The continuum domains participate in the overall model according to their volumetric fractions. The governing laws and material parameters are assigned to each of the domains. Furthermore, the continuum fields are coupled at each FE node by connectivity elements which take into account biological barriers such as vessel walls and cells. Provides a methodology based on the smeared concept within the finite element method which is simple, straightforward and easy to use Enables the modeling of complex physical field problems and the mechanics of biological systems Includes features that are illustrated in chapters devoted to applications surrounding tissue, heart and lung Includes a methodology that can serve as a basis for further enhancements by including additional phenomena which can be described by relevant relationships, derived theoretically or experimentally observed in laboratories and clinics
Mathematical and numerical modelling of engineering problems in medicine is aimed at unveiling and understanding multidisciplinary interactions and processes and providing insights useful to clinical care and technology advances for better medical equipment and systems. When modelling medical problems, the engineer is confronted with multidisciplinary problems of electromagnetism, heat and mass transfer, and structural mechanics with, possibly, different time and space scales, which may raise concerns in formulating consistent, solvable mathematical models. Computational Medical Engineering presents a number of engineering for medicine problems that may be encountered in medical physics, procedures, diagnosis and monitoring techniques, including electrical activity of the heart, hemodynamic activity monitoring, magnetic drug targeting, bioheat models and thermography, RF and microwave hyperthermia, ablation, EMF dosimetry, and bioimpedance methods. The authors discuss the core approach methodology to pose and solve different problems of medical engineering, including essentials of mathematical modelling (e.g., criteria for well-posed problems); physics scaling (homogenization techniques); Constructal Law criteria in morphing shape and structure of systems with internal flows; computational domain construction (CAD and, or reconstruction techniques based on medical images); numerical modelling issues, and validation techniques used to ascertain numerical simulation results. In addition, new ideas and venues to investigate and understand finer scale models and merge them into continuous media medical physics are provided as case studies. Presents the fundamentals of mathematical and numerical modeling of engineering problems in medicine Discusses many of the most common modelling scenarios for Biomedical Engineering, including, electrical activity of the heart hemodynamic activity monitoring, magnetic drug targeting, bioheat models and thermography, RF and microwave hyperthermia, ablation, EMF dosimetry, and bioimpedance methods Includes discussion of the core approach methodology to pose and solve different problems of medical engineering, including essentials of mathematical modelling, physics scaling, Constructal Law criteria in morphing shape and structure of systems with internal flows, computational domain construction, numerical modelling issues, and validation techniques used to ascertain numerical simulation results
Computational Modeling in Bioengineering and Bioinformatics promotes complementary disciplines that hold great promise for the advancement of research and development in complex medical and biological systems, and in the environment, public health, drug design, and so on. It provides a common platform by bridging these two very important and complementary disciplines into an interactive and attractive forum. Chapters cover biomechanics and bioimaging, biomedical decision support system, data mining, personalized diagnoses, bio-signal processing, protein structure prediction, tissue and cell engineering, biomedical image processing, analysis and visualization, high performance computing and sports bioengineering. The book's chapters are the result of many international projects in the area of bioengineering and bioinformatics done at the Research and Development Center for Bioengineering BioIRC and by the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Kragujevac, Serbia. Presents recent advances at the crossroads of biomedical engineering and bioinformatics, one of the hottest areas in biomedical and clinical research Discusses a wide range of leading-edge research topics, including biomechanics and bioimaging, biomedical decision support systems, data mining, personalized diagnoses, bio-signal processing, protein structure prediction, tissue and cell engineering, amongst others Includes coverage of biomechanical, bioengineering and computational methods of treatment and diagnosis
A systematic overview of the quickly developing field of bioengineering—with state-of-the-art modeling software! Computational Modeling and Simulation Examples in Bioengineering provides a comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of bioengineering. It provides the theoretical background necessary to simulating pathological conditions in the bones, muscles, cardiovascular tissue, and cancers, as well as lung and vertigo disease. The methodological approaches used for simulations include the finite element, dissipative particle dynamics, and lattice Boltzman. The text includes access to a state-of-the-art software package for simulating the theoretical problems. In this way, the book enhances the reader's learning capabilities in the field of biomedical engineering. The aim of this book is to provide concrete examples of applied modeling in biomedical engineering. Examples in a wide range of areas equip the reader with a foundation of knowledge regarding which problems can be modeled with which numerical methods. With more practical examples and more online software support than any competing text, this book organizes the field of computational bioengineering into an accessible and thorough introduction. Computational Modeling and Simulation Examples in Bioengineering: Includes a state-of-the-art software package enabling readers to engage in hands-on modeling of the examples in the book Provides a background on continuum and discrete modeling, along with equations and derivations for three key numerical methods Considers examples in the modeling of bones, skeletal muscles, cartilage, tissue engineering, blood flow, plaque, and more Explores stent deployment modeling as well as stent design and optimization techniques Generates different examples of fracture fixation with respect to the advantages in medical practice applications Computational Modeling and Simulation Examples in Bioengineering is an excellent textbook for students of bioengineering, as well as a support for basic and clinical research. Medical doctors and other clinical professionals will also benefit from this resource and guide to the latest modeling techniques.
The results of computational model simulations allow researchers and clinicians to make predictions about what will happen in the biological systems that are being studied in response to changing conditions for a disease or disorder. With a well-developed computational model, researchers and clinicians can better understand the cause of a disease or a disorder and predict treatment results. Computational Models for Biomedical Reasoning and Problem Solving is a critical scholarly publication that provides insightful strategies to developing computational models that allow for the better understanding and treatment of various diseases and disorders. Featuring topics such as biomedicine, neuroscience, and artificial intelligence, this book is ideal for practitioners, clinicians, researchers, psychologists, and engineers.
A Comprehensive Physically Based Approach to Modeling in Bioengineering and Life Sciences provides a systematic methodology to the formulation of problems in biomedical engineering and the life sciences through the adoption of mathematical models based on physical principles, such as the conservation of mass, electric charge, momentum, and energy. It then teaches how to translate the mathematical formulation into a numerical algorithm that is implementable on a computer. The book employs computational models as synthesized tools for the investigation, quantification, verification, and comparison of different conjectures or scenarios of the behavior of a given compartment of the human body under physiological and pathological conditions. Presents theoretical (modeling), biological (experimental), and computational (simulation) perspectives Features examples, exercises, and MATLAB codes for further reader involvement Covers basic and advanced functional and computational techniques throughout the book
Green Biocomposites for Biomedical Engineering: Design, Properties, and Applications combines emergent research outcomes with fundamental theoretical concepts relevant to processing, properties and applications of advanced green composites in the field of biomedical engineering. The book outlines the design elements and characterization of biocomposites, highlighting each class of biocomposite separately. A broad range of biomedical applications for biocomposites is then covered, with a final section discussing the ethics and safety regulations associated with manufacturing and the use of biocomposites. With contributions from eminent editors and recognized authors around the world, this book is a vital reference for researchers in biomedical engineering, materials science and environmental science, both in industry and academia. Provides comprehensive information regarding current advances in the interdisciplinary field of eco-friendly green composite materials for biomedical applications Offers coverage of state-of-the-art physics-based advanced models used in composites Lists a broad range of characterization techniques and biomedical applications
This book reviews the state-of-the-art in multiscale computer modeling, in terms of both accomplishments and challenges. The information in the book is particularly useful for biomedical engineers, medical physicists and researchers in systems biology, mathematical biology, micro-biomechanics and biomaterials who are interested in how to bridge between traditional biomedical engineering work at the organ and tissue scales, and the newer arenas of cellular and molecular bioengineering.
Computational Modelling of Objects Represented in Images: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications III contains all contributions presented at the International Symposium CompIMAGE 2012 - Computational Modelling of Object Presented in Images: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications (Rome, Italy, 5-7 September 2012). The contributions cover the state-o
Arguably the first book of its kind, Computational Bioengineering explores the power of multidisciplinary computer modeling in bioengineering. Written by experts, the book examines the interplay of multiple governing principles underlying common biomedical devices and problems, bolstered by case studies. It shows you how to take advantage of the la
Control Applications for Biomedical Engineering Systems presents different control engineering and modeling applications in the biomedical field. It is intended for senior undergraduate or graduate students in both control engineering and biomedical engineering programs. For control engineering students, it presents the application of various techniques already learned in theoretical lectures in the biomedical arena. For biomedical engineering students, it presents solutions to various problems in the field using methods commonly used by control engineers. Points out theoretical and practical issues to biomedical control systems Brings together solutions developed under different settings with specific attention to the validation of these tools in biomedical settings using real-life datasets and experiments Presents significant case studies on devices and applications
Cardiovascular and Respiratory Bioengineering focuses on computational tools and modeling techniques in cardiovascular and respiratory systems that help develop bioengineered solutions. The book demonstrates how these technologies can be utilized in order to tackle diseases and medical issues. It provides practical guidance on how a bioengineering or medical problem can be modeled, along with which computational models can be used. Topics include computer modeling of Purkinje fibers with different electrical potential applied, modeling of cardiomyopathies caused by sarcomeric gene mutations, altered sarcomere function, perturbations in intracellular ion homeostasis, impaired myocardial energetics at reduced costs, and more. The book also discusses blood flow through deformable blood vessels in human aorta, abdominal aortic aneurysm, carotid artery, coronary artery and plaque formation, along with content on stent deployment modeling and stent design and optimization techniques. Features practical applications of cardiovascular and respiratory technology to counteract diseases Includes detailed steps for the modeling of cardiovascular and respiratory systems Explores a range of different modeling methods, including computational modeling, predictive modeling and multi-scale modeling Covers biological processes and biomechanics relevant to cardiovascular and respiratory bioengineering