Air Transport and the Environment provides an overview of the main issues relating to aviation environmental impacts. It explains the challenge facing policymakers in terms of sustainable development, focusing on the importance of balancing the industry's economic, social and environmental costs and benefits, both for people living now and for future generations. Individual chapters review the current scientific understanding of the main aviation environmental impacts: climate change, local air pollution and aircraft noise. Various responses to those issues are also considered, including a range of policy options based on regulatory, market-based and voluntary approaches. Key concepts such as environmental capacity, radiative forcing and carbon offsetting are explained. In addition, the book emphasises the main implications of aviation environmental issues for policymakers and for the management of the air transport industry. Debates about the environmental impacts of flying often generate strongly polarised reactions, yet this book adopts a constructive approach to the subject and attempts to present the environmental issues in a clear, straightforward manner. It aims to provide a policy-relevant synthesis of a wide range of perspectives rather than advocating one particular viewpoint. Yet the central purpose of this book is to bring the sustainable development challenge facing the air transport industry to the fore, and so to inform effective policy responses. Air transport plays a critical role in supporting economies and societies that are increasingly interconnected by globalisation; this book presents the view that the vital economic and social benefits of the air transport industry should not be lost - and in fact could be distributed far more widely and equitably - but that the environmental impacts of air transport nevertheless require urgent and effective management. Air Transport and the Environment has been written primarily for professionals in the air transport industry, policymakers and regulators. It is also intended for use by academic researchers, students and others who are interested in the complex relationship between air transport and the environment.
Mass transportation has become central to the lifestyle of developed societies - but with what consequences for the environment and, ultimately, human health? Transport and the Environment investigates the major aspects of this emotive subject, with contributions from authors with international reputations for their research in the field. Discussions encompass air transport and its contribution to global pollution, the possible consequences of using hydrogen as a fuel, performance indicators and policy instruments for sustainable transport, the contamination of the atmosphere and surface waters by road vehicles, the impact of surface transport on climate, and the effects of transport pollutants on public health. This authoritative review of the current state of knowledge will be of great value to scientists, policy-makers and students on environmental science and engineering courses.
Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Transportation Science & Technology, grade: 1,0, University of Applied Sciences Wildau (Wildau Institute of Technology (WIT)), course: Master Studies in Aviation Management, language: English, abstract: This paper tries to concentrate on the main influences of aviation on the environment such as noise pollution and its effects on humans as well as the growing impact of aviation on the atmosphere and on climate change itself. Aviation has a number of environmental impacts that are experienced by local residents in the vicinity of airports and under flight paths. Noise has been the focus of concern over all the years of growth in aviation and more recently air pollution and the health effects of air pollution from aircraft have begun to cause concern. The following chapter will inform about these issues: Glossary Introduction Noise pollution Effects of noise on humans Influence on the atmosphere Impact of aviation on climate change Sources
Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 1,0, University of Paderborn, course: Great Britain Today: Topics in Current British Affairs, 26 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Contribution of aviation to the UK economy The aviation industry has brought many benefits to society in both economic and social terms. The relative affordability and speed of air transport today have made international travel accessible to many people and it has become an integral part of their lifestyle. In economic terms, aviation contributes to a country ́s growth in two ways. First, the growth of the aviation industry itself generates employment, production, exports, value added, investment and contributions to the Exchequer. Secondly, air transport facilitates trade in goods, industrial developments and economic services. Contribution to GDP: Aviation accounts for 1.2% of national GDP. By including retailing and catering at airports it makes up 1.4% of GDP. The official Oxford Economic Forecasting study1 estimated that over the last 10 years aviation growth had increased output in the UK economy by £550 million per year.2 Exports: One third of the UK exports now go by air. Exports of services, which depend on the ability to travel by air, make up a further 8% of the national income.3 Tourism: Today, UK residents make around 60 million visits overseas each year, compared to just 13 million in 1978. Around 80 % of these are made by air due to the fact that they have little alternative to air travel for long-haul, and many short-haul, destinations. This outbound tourism contributes significantly to the economy through revenue earned, for instance, by tour operators. Another source of earnings is foreign visitors, two thirds of whom (ca. 55 million out of 80 million) come by air. In-bound tourism accounted for an estimated 4.4 % of GDP in 2002, and more than 2 million direct jobs.4 ... --- 1 The report was produced in 1999 for a consortium of UK’s major airlines and operators and the Department the Environment, Transport and the Regions. 2 Whitelegg, J., Whilliams, N., „The Plane Truth: Aviation and the Environment“ 2000 www. aef.org.uk/PDFs/5389SainsburyDoc.pdf 3 Department for Transport, „The Future of air Transport“ 2003, www.dft.gov.uk/aviation/whitepaper 4 Department for Transport...
This book presents, for the first time, a comprehensive analysis and assessment of the sustainability of the contemporary civil air transport system, examining its three main components: airports, air traffic control, and airlines. It offers an in-depth examination and quantitative insight into the system's current and prospective structure and operations, as well as the related effects and impacts. The sustainability of the air transport system is considered along a global trajectory of growing effects and diminishing and/or stagnating impacts on society and environment under conditions of continuous growth. In doing so, the author examines the situations of users of the system (passengers and freight shippers), air transport operators (airports, air traffic control and airlines), aerospace manufacturers, local and national communities, policymakers and the general public. The book possesses the unique and distinctive feature of providing an analysis and assessment of the air transport system's sustainability through elaboration of its technical/technological, operational, economic, social, environmental and institutional performances and their causality. It is written for advanced graduate and post-graduate students, researchers, planners, stakeholders, and policymakers dealing with the various sustainability issues of the contemporary air transport system.
The book addresses all major aspects to be considered for the design and operation of aircrafts within the entire transportation chain. It provides the basic information about the legal environment, which defines the basic requirements for aircraft design and aircraft operation. The interactions between airport, air traffic management and the airlines are described. The market forecast methods and the aircraft development process are explained to understand the very complex and risky business of an aircraft manufacturer. The principles of flight physics as basis for aircraft design are presented and linked to the operational and legal aspects of air transport including all environmental impacts. The book is written for graduate students as well as for engineers and experts, who are working in aerospace industry, at airports or in the domain of transport and logistics.
This book looks in detail at how globalisation has affected activity levels in maritime shipping, aviation, and road and rail freight, and assesses the impact that changes in activity levels have had on the environment.
The number of airplane flights worldwide continues to grow and is one of the many drivers of climate change. This book examines the aviation industry from an anthropological perspective, focusing on the sector’s environmental impact and the challenges facing attempts to shift to more sustainable solutions. Hans Baer outlines how airplanes have become a key component of modern cultural and social life, and how the world system has become increasingly dependent on them to function. He critically examines current efforts to mitigate the climatic impact of the air travel and argues for a significant move away from air transport, suggesting that such a shift may only be achieved through a more fundamental change in the world system.
Environmental protection has been a priority of the international aviation community for over five decades. Among the key players are the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Air Transport Association (IATA). Aircraft engine manufacturers and airlines have also contributed positively toward reducing noise and engine emissions enabling green airlines to lead the way to a cleaner atmosphere. This book details the path taken by aviation on environmental issues and examines measures taken, such as carbon trading, carbon offsets and evaluation of the environmental footprints left behind by airline passengers. It contains chapters on aircraft noise as well as engine emissions, which map the progress made so far and examines the legal issues that are posed by pollution of the atmosphere by the air transport industry.