Absorption and Utilization of Amino Acids

Absorption and Utilization of Amino Acids

Author: Mendel Friedman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429946158

Category: Medical

Page: 331

View: 196

Containing 45 papers written by outstanding international authors from 14 countries, this three-volume compendium brings together the elements needed to understand the factors which influence the utilization of amino acids. The wide-ranging topics include descriptions of metabolic pathways and mechanisms of the biological utilization of amino acids, as well as factors that influence amino acid bioavailability in enteral and parenteral nutrition. The use of amino acids to improve the quality and safety of the diet is presented. Also discussed are amino acid precursors of biogenic amines and the role of amino acids in atherosclerosis, cancer, and immunity. Scientists from many disciplines will benefit from this broad overview.

Absorption and Utilization of Amino Acids

Absorption and Utilization of Amino Acids

Author: Mendel Friedman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315890348

Category:

Page: 336

View: 848

Containing 45 papers written by outstanding international authors from 14 countries, this three-volume compendium brings together the elements needed to understand the factors which influence the utilization of amino acids. The wide-ranging topics include descriptions of metabolic pathways and mechanisms of the biological utilization of amino acids, as well as factors that influence amino acid bioavailability in enteral and parenteral nutrition. The use of amino acids to improve the quality and safety of the diet is presented. Also discussed are amino acid precursors of biogenic amines and the role of amino acids in atherosclerosis, cancer, and immunity. Scientists from many disciplines will benefit from this broad overview.

Absorption and Utilization of Amino Acids

Absorption and Utilization of Amino Acids

Author: Mendel Friedman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351077897

Category: Medical

Page: 321

View: 118

Containing 45 papers written by outstanding international authors from 14 countries, this three-volume compendium brings together the elements needed to understand the factors which influence the utilization of amino acids. The wide-ranging topics include descriptions of metabolic pathways and mechanisms of the biological utilization of amino acids, as well as factors that influence amino acid bioavailability in enteral and parenteral nutrition. The use of amino acids to improve the quality and safety of the diet is presented. Also discussed are amino acid precursors of biogenic amines and the role of amino acids in atherosclerosis, cancer, and immunity. Scientists from many disciplines will benefit from this broad overview.

Nutritional and Toxicological Consequences of Food Processing

Nutritional and Toxicological Consequences of Food Processing

Author: Mendel Friedman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781489926265

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 542

View: 307

A variety of processing methods are used to make foods edible; to pennit storage; to alter texture and flavor; to sterilize and pasteurize food; and to destroy microorganisms and other toxins. These methods include baking, broiling, cooking, freezing, frying, and roasting. Many such efforts have both beneficial and harmful effects. It is a paradox of nature that the processing of foods can improve nutrition, quality, safety, and taste, and yet occasionally lead to the formation of anti-nutritional and toxic compounds. These multifaceted consequences of food processing arise from molecular interactions among nutrients with each other and with other food ingredients. Since beneficial and adverse effects of food processing are of increasing importance to food science, nutrition, and human health, and since many of the compounds formed have been shown to be potent carcinogens and growth inhibitors in animals, I organized a symposium broadly concerned with the nutritional and toxicological consequences of food processing. The symposium was sponsored by the American Institute of Nutrition (AIN) -Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) for its annual meeting in Washington, D.C., April 1-5, 1990. Invited speakers were asked to develop at least one of the following topics: 1. Nutrient-nonnutrient interactions between amino acids, proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, minerals, vitamins, tannins, fiber, natural toxicants, etc. 2. Effects of radiation. 3. Thermally induced formation of dietary mutagens, antimutagens, carcinogens, anticarcinogens, antioxidants, and growth inhibitors. 4. Effects of pH on nutritional value and safety.

Food Proteins

Food Proteins

Author: Shuryo Nakai

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471186147

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 917

Protein chemistry has entered a revolutionary era due to the introduction of genetic engineering for modifying protein structure, as well as the application of advanced computer technology to the study of proteins. By supplementing the traditional ways of studying protein behavior with these newer methods, food processors will be able to resolve difficult problems without using the costly trial-and-error-method so common in the past. This book gives the reader a good foundation in the basics of modern protein chemistry and to show how applications of these concepts to food proteins helps explain their roles in food processing.

Amino Acids

Amino Acids

Author: Guoyao Wu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439861899

Category: Medical

Page: 507

View: 124

Amino acid biochemistry and nutrition spans a broad range of fields including biochemistry, metabolism, physiology, immunology, reproduction, pathology, and cell biology. In the last half-century, there have been many conceptual and technical advancements, from analysis of amino acids by high-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry to molecular cloning of transporters for amino acids and small peptides. Amino Acids: Biochemistry and Nutrition presents comprehensive coverage of these scientific developments, providing a useful reference for students and researchers in both biomedicine and agriculture. The text begins with the discoveries and basic concepts of amino acids, peptides, and proteins, and then moves to protein digestion and absorption of peptides and amino acids. Additional chapters cover cell-, tissue-, and species-specific synthesis and catabolism of amino acids and related nitrogenous substances, as well as the use of isotopes to study amino acid metabolism in cells and the body. The book also details protein synthesis and degradation, regulation of amino acid metabolism, physiological functions of amino acids, and inborn errors of amino acid metabolism. The final chapter discusses dietary requirements of amino acids by humans and other animals. While emphasizing basic principles and classical concepts of amino acid biochemistry and nutrition, the author includes recent progress in the field. This book also provides concise coverage of major historical developments of the scientific discipline, so that readers will appreciate the past, understand the current state of the knowledge, and explore the future of the field. Each chapter contains select references to provide comprehensive reviews and original experimental data on the topics discussed.

Using Genomics, Metagenomics and Other "Omics" to Assess Valuable Microbial Ecosystem Services and Novel Biotechnological Applications

Using Genomics, Metagenomics and Other

Author: Diana Elizabeth Marco

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889458141

Category:

Page: 674

View: 819

Most ecosystem services and goods human populations use and consume are provided by microbial populations and communities. Indeed, numerous provisioning services (e.g. food and enzymes for industrial processes), regulating services (e.g. water quality, contamination alleviation and biological processes such as plant-microbial symbioses), and supporting services (e.g. nutrient cycling, agricultural production and biodiversity) are mediated by microbes. The fast development of metagenomics and other meta-omics technologies is expanding our understanding of microbial diversity, ecology, evolution and functioning. This enhanced knowledge directly translates into the emergence of new applications in an unlimited variety of areas across all microbial ecosystem services and goods. The varied topics addressed in this Research Topic include the development of innovative industrial processes, the discovery of novel natural products, the advancement of new agricultural methods, the amelioration of negative effects of productive or natural microbiological processes, as well as food security and human health, and archeological conservation. The articles compiled provide an updated, high-quality overview of current work in the field. This body of research makes a valuable contribution to the understanding of microbial ecosystem services, and expands the horizon for finding and developing new and more efficient biotechnological applications.

Proteins, Peptides, and Amino Acids in Enteral Nutrition

Proteins, Peptides, and Amino Acids in Enteral Nutrition

Author: P. Fürst

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9783805571081

Category: Medical

Page: 292

View: 675

Having examined the new, exciting information about the role of the intestine in the utilization of proteins and their products of digestion, the focus turns to the consequences that catabolic stress and immunologic stimulation have on the qualitative and quantitative aspects of the protein/amino acid metabolism. These aspects are considered with relation to the support of body protein and amino acid homeostasis and requirements in patients with injury, severe infection, gastrointestinal malfunction, cancers and renal disease. Finally, as there is clearly a knowledge gap in this area of clinical/enteral nutrition, the opportunities for future research are highlighted. Written by leading nutritional scientists and clinical investigators, this publication will help practitioners as well as clinical and basic scientists to understand the opportunities enteral nutrition offers in the clinical management of patients.

Cellular and Molecular Physiology of Cell Volume Regulation

Cellular and Molecular Physiology of Cell Volume Regulation

Author: Kevin Strange

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000722086

Category: Science

Page: 461

View: 199

The ability to regulate cell volume in the face of osmotic challenge is one of the most fundamental of cellular homeostatic mechanisms. Cellular and Molecular Physiology of Cell Volume Regulation is an integrated collection of articles describing key aspects of cell volume control. The book has been organized around concepts and cellular/molecular processes rather than around mechanisms of volume regulation in specific cell types in order to make it more accessible to a multidisciplinary audience of students, instructors, and researchers.

Ruminant Nitrogen Usage

Ruminant Nitrogen Usage

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309035972

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 148

View: 863

This book brings together the latest research on protein absorption by ruminants and takes a look at the calculation of optimum nutrient requirements, including bacterial digestion, in the calculations. It also describes the parameters of nitrogen conversion in the ruminant and examines the different kinds of protein found in animal feedstuffs. "Animal Feed Science and Technology" calls it "essential for all scientists and teachers actively working in ruminant nutrition research and instruction."